Dr. R. L. Wysong
September 1995

Dear Friend:
    When I was a child my parents told me what was right and wrong.  School had its rules and church had its morality.   To be a good boy, all I needed to do was follow all the do's and don'ts.  If I followed the rules, then I considered myself to be following my conscience.     As we become of working age we then follow the rules of the workplace.  This can carry right over into and through adult life, so that one's perception of right and wrong is shaped totally by the dictates of others.
    But this isn't our "conscience" at all.  By following the rules and laws of others we are not really exercising our own conscience.  It becomes the conscience of others, the makers of these rules and laws, for us to follow.  If we had been brought up in another society, with other parents, a different school system and religion, then the rights and wrongs would be different and our "consciences" would be different.
    In the military, who to kill and how to kill is formulated by military leaders and our so-called patriotic conscience.   (Each side in a conflict sees it as moral to kill the other.)  If we kill and maim one or hundreds of people, as long as they are the "enemy," we are doing our moral duty and our conscience is being properly exercised.  (Reminds me of the quote, I forget who said it, "Kill one or two and you're a murderer, kill thousands and you're a conqueror.")
    In the legal profession, attorneys will defend the guilty and prosecute the innocent and do so completely in line with their conscience because the law (which other attorneys have devised) dictates that such is proper and right.
    In medicine, physicians prescribe drugs and practice surgery and other therapies that may do more harm than good.   But they do so in good conscience because this is what medical school taught and it is in line with conventional thinking.  If a patient dies as a result of therapy, the doctor can simply take comfort in thinking he has done all that can be done - and done so in accord with accepted medical practice.  His conscience is clear.  If a drug causes serious side effects, that is just one of those things.       For a doctor to be compensated, the system is set up so that insurance is not paid unless drugs are prescribed.  This implies that the doctor must prescribe, regardless of consequences, in order to properly fulfill his function.
    A food manufacturer makes food composed of a variety of synthetics and food fractions.  As long as the food meets certain regulatory requirements and the label is designed properly, the product is perfectly fine to sell regardless of the health consequences to consumers.  A food processor suffers no guilty conscience because he has followed the food regulatory codes.
    On the consumer end, we simply have to follow all the rules and laws and conform to what is permitted in the marketplace.   Let doctors take care of our health, the government take care of the economy, the military take care of world relations, the attorney take care of disputes, the accountant and tax preparer take care of our finances, the church take care of our ethics, and the food industry take care of our food choices.
We think we are exercising our conscience in our professions and in our personal lives, but few of us do.  We are simply following the choices others are making for us.  And these choices are designed primarily to benefit those who are giving us our do's and don'ts.
     I'm not sure how to properly define conscience.  It is intertwined with our entire life experiences.   Perhaps there is also something innate within our being that helps us decide basic rights and wrongs.  One thing is certain, we will never know whether we even have this innate capability unless we see all of the dictates that are designed to guide our lives as simply the dictates of other people.  We must say to ourselves that we are at least as capable of deciding what is right and what is wrong for ourselves as someone else is of deciding it for us.
    This involves more than just dropping out and being a self-willed anarchist.  It means taking on the heavy responsibility of becoming informed.  This requires work, but the benefits are what can truly make us each full human beings.  A conscience that is dictated by search, openness to various ideas, and a commitment to reason is a heavy responsibility, but it is nevertheless a responsibility we all have.  To not develop your own informed conscience, but to simply follow throughout life the rules of various surrogate mommies and daddies, is to remain a child.  It means we will simply be led by others who have their self-interests primarily at heart.  The end result is that we become victims of others, experimental objects, resources and profit centers, rather than full human beings each individually exploiting our full potential through a nurtured conscience.
    Think through the many choices you make every day.  So many we make, or acquiesce to, without ever even realizing that there are choices.  Notice how much we do because others have dictated it to be thus.  If we could all start exercising our own individual consciences the future would hold hope rather than foreboding.
    Everyone seems to have an opinion as to what is the best food. Some think the average American diet is just fine. Others advocate veganism (eating only plant foods), others lacto-ova vegetarianism (plants plus milk and eggs). Some are proponents of meat eating and others firmly believe in eating only live plant foods. There are also proponents of special foods such as fresh juices, soybean products, cooked grains and rice, as well as modern fortified processed foods.
    Debates rage between meat and non-meat eaters about the design of the digestive system and tooth structure, each arguing their philosophy best fits their beliefs.
    Everyone can make arguments in their behalf. They can cite examples of people who have escaped disease or lived long by eating their special types of foods. Some can argue morality and ethics such as those who would say animal life should not be sacrificed in order to sustain ours. Others set their eating practices by the standards of holy writ, which eschew certain forms of foods and sanctify others.
    All eating beliefs, however, seem to take on almost a religious character. Like in religion where hundreds of different sects can each claim to be the truth, and you need not fear disproof since adjudication will not occur until the afterlife, eating beliefs may not bring consequences for decades or even generations into the future.
    The body is extremely adaptable and will attempt to survive on whatever it is provided with. But if the food is incorrect, the body will ultimately be stressed beyond its ability to adapt and the result is loss of vitality, disease and degeneration. Unfortunately, these consequences are so far removed from the eating cause that few understand the relationship.
    So, how do we sort through all of these competing eating ideas? I am going to describe for you a very simple principle that is so reasonable you need not even look for proofs. Follow along with me and see if you don't agree.
    Consider the logic of the following three premises:
    1. Just like a tree is genetically adapted to absorb certain nutrients, and a lion is genetically adapted to thrive on prey, and a deer is genetically adapted to browse on vegetation, humans too must be genetically adapted to a certain kind of food.
    2.              The majority of foods we are presently exposed to are a product of the Industrial Revolution and occupy a small part of the genetic history of humans. Here is the time line again. The last 200 years during which humans have been exposed to most modern foods, if represented on a linear time line, would occupy only 1 inch on a line 276 miles long, the total length of which represents the estimated time for life on Earth.
    3.              The natural genetically-adapted-to food for humans must predate them. In other words, how could humans exist before the food they needed to survive existed?
    If you consider these three premises, it becomes apparent that the best food for humans is that food which they would be able to eat as it is found in nature.
    Would tofu qualify? No, because tofu is found nowhere in nature. Would oatmeal porridge qualify? No, because oatmeal porridge is found nowhere in nature. Would sprouts qualify? No, because nowhere in nature would sufficient sprouts be available to sustain humans. Would hamburgers, french fries, pop, breakfast cereals, canned foods, candy, sports drinks, muscle building powders, vitamins and minerals, mashed potatoes, carrot cake or fig newtons qualify? No. None of   these are found as such in nature.
    Simply think of yourself placed in nature in the total absence of modern technology. Ask yourself the question, what would you eat...and what could you eat? You could eat and digest fruits, nuts, insects, worms, eggs and animal flesh. These are about the only food substances in nature humans are capable of digesting without technological intervention. These are in fact the very foods that are the mainstay of nomadic primitive societies. Only when these foods become scarce do unpalatable, inedible foods such as most grains and vegetables become cooked and processed to change their palatability and increase digestibility.
    This is an extremely simple nutritional principle that is not explained in any nutritional textbook. It cuts through all the theory, belief, and guess work. It matches our natural bodies with our natural food.
    Our immersion in modern cookery and food processing has misled us. Foods such as granola, tofu, cauliflower and lettuce which are marketed as the ultimate health foods are in fact not natural human foods at all. These products either do not exist in nature, or in their raw precooked form are totally unpalatable and even toxic. For example, raw soybeans contain a variety of chemicals which can stunt growth and interfere with the body's digestive enzymes. Eat enough of them and you'll die. Modern grain products are a result of agriculture and in their raw form are unpalatable, undigestible and also toxic. Row in nature would one ever find enough kernels of rice or wheat or barley to even make up a meal, even if they were edible in their raw form? Who, if they were really, really hungry, would eat raw broccoli, cauliflower or lettuce? These vegetables are only now made palatable by cooking or doctoring with manufactured dressings.
    Now this creates somewhat of a dilemma. Knowing what our natural diet is and consuming it are two different things. We are so acclimated to the modern diet that the notion of eating raw meat, for example, is nauseating to most. Nevertheless, as evidenced by primitive (but nutritionally advanced) peoples, raw meat and organs can be eaten with great nutritional benefit to humans, and they are totally digestible and nontoxic.
    It would be very difficult to achieve this ideal quickly or easily. But if you keep this principle in mind it helps you emphasize the appropriate, genetically-adapted to foods. This does not mean that you cannot or should not eat any processed or cooked foods. It simply means that if you do, you will be stressing your body's genetic capabilities and will ultimately be achieving less than optimal health.
    Throughout the issues of the Health Letter I have discussed various foods that help us convert more to this natural human diet. I will continue to do so and you can experiment yourself. Simply look around the grocery store and consider what it is you would eat in its natural state and then increase the proportion of these foods in your diet.
    Let me know of any ideas you come up with for meals that fit this principle, and I'll pass them on to the rest of the readers. To pursue this topic further, see the Nutritional Science section of the Wysong Book Store Catalog (Resource A, below).
        A. The Wysong Book Store Catalog, 1880 N. Eastman Road, Midland, MI 48642, 517-631-0009.
    Most people think today's pharmaceuticals are a wonder of modem technology. They are, in fact, mostly synthetic fractions of or analogs of plant chemicals. Aspirin, for example, comes from willow bark, Valium from valarian and Digitalis from foxglove.
    So why don't pharmaceutical companies just use the plant material? Because natural substances are not patentable. A company is not going to spend 50+ million dollars in FDA studies to prove the effectiveness of a plant material when any Tom, Dick or Harry can then package and sell it.
    This presents two problems. One, effective plant products will not have the aegis of the FDA and thus regardless of effectiveness, they will not be used by the medical community. Those who do use them are labeled as quacks. Two, the synthetic purified pharmaceutical versions are usually highly toxic. Taken as a whole plant, herbals are quite safe since associated compounds exert balancing effects against potential toxins. A fraction, on the other hand, is not balanced and although it might exert a remarkable clinical effect, the body is thrown out of balance and side effects result.
    Below is a list of proven herbal remedies for specific conditions. Herbal preparations are found in most health food stores and further specifics on applications are available from Resource B, page 72. A caveat: don't take any substance, even a natural herb, over long periods of time. Use only briefly and intermittingly. Also, don't expect immediate results. Be patient and adjust your lifestyle and eating patterns as discussed regularly in the Health Letter. You'll be surprised at the powerful healing potential of herbs. For further information on the healing powers of herbs, see the Nutritional Science section of the Wysong Book Store Catalog (Resource A, below).
        A. The Wysong Book Store Catalog, 1880 N. Eastman Road, Midland, MI 48642, 517-631-0009.
        B. American Botanical Council, P. O. Box 210660, Austin, TX 78720-1660
Alcohol Abuse: Milk Thistle (Silymarin), Kudzu
Anxiety: Valerian, Passion Flower
Arthritis:  Devil's Claw, Boswellia, Oil of Evening Primrose
Blood Pressure: Garlic, Hawthorn
Cholesterol (High): Garlic, Gugulipid
Circulation (Poor): Ginkgo biloba, Garlic, Cayenne, Hawthorn
Colds/Flu:   Echinacea, Astragalus, Garlic, Goldenseal Root
Constipation:        Aloe, Cascara sagrada, Senna, Psyllium
Coughs:  Licorice, Wild Cherry Bark, Thyme
Depression (Mild): St. John's Wort, Valerian
Detoxification:  Milk Thistle (Silymarin)
Digestion (Poor): Chamomile, Peppermint, Ginger
Fatigue:  Panax Ginseng, Eleuthero (Siberian ginseng)
Hemorrhoids:  Horse Chestnut, Witch Hazel (topical)
Insomnia:  Valerian, Passion Flower, Hops, Lemon Balm
Liver Dysfunction: Milk Thistle (Silymarin)
Memory Loss: Ginkgo biloba
Migraine Headache: Feverfew
Menstrual Irregularities/PMS: Dong Quai, Vitex agnuscastus, Oil of Evening Primrose
Nausea:  Ginger, Chamomile, Peppermint
Prostate Enlargement (Benign): Saw Palmetto, Pygeum africanum, Stinging Nettle Root
Skin Conditions: Calendula, Chamomile (topical) Tea Tree Oil (topical)
StressiTension:  Valerian. Passion Flower, Kava Kava, Eleuthero (Siberian ginseng)
Ulcers:   Licorice, Aloe juice, Garlic Oil
Urinary Tract Problems: Cranberry, Uva Ursi
Varicose Veins: Horse Chestnut, Bilberry, Witch Hazel (topical)
Water Retention: Uva Ursi, Dandelion Leaf
    As I have mentioned in previous Health Letters (See Vol.9, No. 7), male fertility is on the wane. It is usually the male that is the problem in couples unable to have children. Here are some suggestions.
    1.              Men should, of course, try to live as healthily as possible. Regular exercise, plenty of sleep, fresh air and sunshine, and good natural eating can go a long way to increasing vitality and virility.
    2.              As our society increasingly becontes permeated with estrogen pollutants (see Vol.8, No.3), the resulting feminization of men will take its toll on tertility. Avoid as many man-made synthetic chemicals as possible. We have only begun to explore the tip of the gigantic iceberg of estrogen-like compounds in our environment. Everything, from pesticides to household chemicals to the lining of cans of food, has the potential for decreasing male fertility through estrogenic effects.
    3.              Vitamin B12. Daily injections of 1500-6000 mcg of vitamin B12.
    4.              Zinc. 120 mg of zinc sulfate twice a day for 40-50 days more than doubled the fertility of 22 infertile men.
    5.                 Arginine. 74% of 178 men who took at least 4 grams of arginme, an amino acid, per day for three months increased fertility.
    6.              Ginseng. Ginseng reportedly increases testosterone levels, fertility and sexual activity.
    7.                 Antioxidants. Beta carotene, vitamin C and vitamin E will help counteract oxidative diseases that decrease fertility in men.
    8.              Co-enzyme QI0. 60 mg daily of co-enzyme Q10 reportedly increases male fertility.
    9. Glutathione. 600 mg of glutathione (an antioxidant) a day for two months is protective of male germ cells and can increase male infertility.
    For further reading.on this topic, see the Body Systems section of the Wysong Book Store Catalog (Resource A, page 72).
        A. The Wysong Book Store Catalog, 1880 N. Eastman Road, Midland, MI 48642, 517-631-0009.
        1. Acta Urologica Japan, 198834:1109          
        2. Archives of Andrology, 1981; 7:69-
        3. Journal of Urology. 1973; 110:311-
        4. Journal of Andrology, 1984:15:591-
        5. Human Reproduction; 1993; 8; 10:1657-  
        6. Health Revelations, July 1995: 7-8
    Not really trusting the commercial omega-3 oil products because of the fragile nature of the oils and concern about how they are handled, whether plasticizers in bottles are leaking into the oils, and the true dating of the product, I prepare my own high- omega-3 oil supplement as follows:
    1. Grind 2 cups of organic flax seeds in a high speed blender until they take on a flour-like consistency. Don't over grind and create too much heat. Rather, grind for a bit, let it cool, grind again and so forth until finished.
    2.              Mix separately 2 cups of extra virgin olive oil, 30 drops of Oxherphol, a natural antioxidant, (See Resource C, below) and 6 teaspoons of lecithin.
    3.              Blend this mixture together, then warm very slowly on the stove to no more than 110 degrees.
    4.              Poor the warmed mixture back in the blender and reblend for 10 seconds.
    5.              Cover and let stand for 15 minutes.
    The pulp will tend to plug the screen, so use a spoon to mix and push the material around in the screen until as much oil as possible is removed. The fine flax particulates that pass through are good for you too.
    6.              Repeat steps 4 and 5 for a total of two hours.
    7.   Pour this mixture through a fine screen into a glass container that can be tightly sealed. Use a glass bottle that has as little head space as possible after filling with the oil mixture to decrease air exposure to the surface of the oil.
    8.              Put the oil in the freezer compartment. Yield is about 18 ounces.
    9.              After the oil has solidified in the freezer, then place the oil in the refrigerator. This will cause the oil to take on a butter-like consistency to make use easier.
    10.            The oil can then be used as a spread on bread, a salad dressing, mixed in with smoothies, or in any other recipe as long as the recipe is not cooked.
    11. The pulp left over in the screen can also be used. Mix with cereal, in salads, spread on bread, or any other use that does not require heating.
    Although you will not get the yield of omega-3 from the flax seeds by this method that can be accomplished with various types of oil expelling equipment, the oil you do get is absolutely fresh and as close to its natural form as possible without any of the degradations that occur by the more highly efficient oil extraction methods.
    For further information on the topic of fats and oils, see my book, Lipid Nutrition available from the Wysong Book Store Catalog (Resource A, below).
        A. The Wysong Book Store Catalog, 1880 N. Eastman Road, Midland, MI 48642, 517-631-0009.
        C. Wysong Oxherphol™ - a natural antioxidant. If not available locally, contact Wysong Institute for a supplier source.
Ozone As An Environmental Marker
    In a previous issue (see Vol.9 No.6) I talked at length about the present debate between environmentalists and others, as typified by the Rush Limbaugh radio talk show program, suggesting that the environment is in no danger. For every issue that can be raised there is scientific debate. The significance of acid rain, deforestation, water pollution, erosion, air particulates, industrial toxicity and so forth are all issues for present debate.
    As I mentioned in that article, however, one needs only to ask the question: what would happen if any of these mechanisms are allowed to continue unimpeded, or be significantly escalated? By extrapolating environmental degradation into the future, particularly given increasing population pressure, it becomes apparent that all environmental markers portend danger to human life if allowed to continue or escalate.
    One issue of debate is atmospheric ozone depletion. Some scientists argue that holes in the ozone layer have been created by man-made pollutants permitting increased exposure of planetary life to damaging short wave radiation. Others say ozone holes have always been a part of the Earth and that human activity is far too puny to create any significant impact. They say that ozone depletion is caused by natural volcanic action which releases chlorine into the atmosphere causing the destruction of ozone.
    But recently NASA researchers have collected evidence that seems to point a definitive finger at man-made chlorine compounds such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFC's). They have found hydrogen fluoride in the upper atmosphere that has no natural source. It is a direct byproduct of CFC's. As one NASA physicist stated, "the detection of atmospheric fluorine gases, which are not natural, eliminates the possibility that chlorine from volcanic eruptions or some other natural source is responsible for the ozone hole over the Antarctic." He stated further that only about 20% of the chlorine found in the stratosphere is from natural sources. Researchers now contend that the loss of about 3% of the ozone per decade, as presently experienced, is therefore not at all a natural event, but is man-made and threatens the very existence of life on the planet.
    But again, I understand that this is a debatable issue, as is basically any thought or idea humans have ever had. But one needs only to understand that CFC's can cause the destruction of ozone and that they very well may be moving into the atmosphere and causing ozone destruction to answer the question about whether such compounds should be controlled or even banned. The possibility of jeopardizing health and life on the planet is simply not something to debate about until we experience the ultimate result.
        7. Science News, December 24, 1994: 422
Are Wet Lands A Waste?
    Why all the fuss about wet lands? Aren't they simply useless swamps and bogs that deserve to be filled in and put to some good use?
    Certainly this has been the attitude of developers for decades. But do these areas serve any useful function and deserve protection, or should they be filled in and black-topped?
    In colonial times, wet lands covered 221 million acres in the U.S. Since the 1780's the government has encouraged draining and filling the lands and 22 states have lost 50% or more of their wet lands while 10 states have lost 70% or more. Now the government has reversed its position and requires that new wet lands be created if existing wet lands are destroyed.
    Wet lands consist of everything from marshes and swamps to prairie potholes, wet mountainous meadows and patches of frozen arctic tundra. Wet lands are like giant compost piles which break down materials such as leaves and stems to materials that can be eaten by insects, shell fish and algae - which in turn support fish such as bass, salmon and flounder. They thus are at a fundamental base in the food chain. Forty percent of threatened and endangered species rely on wet lands. Even small patches of wet land that stay dry much of the year can serve as the only breeding ground for some species. Additionally, wet lands can act like sponges and help :prevent flood damage by storing flood water and releasing it slowly. They also serve as filters since water is filtered by the sediment, and microbes digest much of the organic matter restoring purity to water.
    My vote is to save these and other natural areas. The solution to human problems is not to exploit more natural areas to support the growing population, but rather to control the population so that the population we do have can be sustained naturally by the Earth and have life enriched by natural beauty.
    Here is an area where government should act for the common good with a view to the future and not cave in to short-sighted profiteers who see natural areas as their private trove.
        8. Science News, July 22,1995: 57
Will AIDS Solve The Population Problem?
    Some see AIDS as a timely solution to our population explosion. Some see it as a solution to the "problem" of Africa where almost 10 million of the 15 million people infected world-wide reside. It is estimated that AIDS will infect some 200 million people by the year 2010 and 100 million of these will be in Africa.
    But this morbid "solution" is not a solution after all.
    Historically we can see other parallels. For example, I million Irish perished between the years 1845 and 1850 due to famine.     The Black Death killed off more than half of the people of 14th century Europe. The paroxysm of violence through both world wars killed 200 million people which was more than 10% of all the people on Earth in those years. In spite of these decimating incidences, population reached its all-time peak in growth at about 2% in 1970.
    Gone are the times when a teeming population is checked by starvation, disease and discomforts as are other living populations. The advent of technology has created a wild card that permits us to expand beyond the present sustainable resources of the planet. Mass education, sanitation, and even the green revolution have brought down death rates and increased life expectancy. In short, the more technology is able to harvest calories, produce potable water and sanitize and carry off waste, the larger the population will grow regardless of deadly blips such as AIDS.
    We live in a unique time in history when we must actually map out our future if we are to have one. This will require rational foresight and design. It will be people living, not people dying who will bring population growth to a stop. Contact the organizations listed in Resource D, below to find out what you can do to help solve the population problem.
        9. Scientific American, February 1994:124
        D)      Zero Population Growth, 1400 16th St. NW, Suite 320, Washington, DC 20036
                Population-Environmental Balance, 2000 P Street, NW, Suite 210, Washington, DC 20036-5909, (202) 879-3000
                Population Communications International, 777 United Nations Plaza, Suite 7C, New York, NY 10164-0154
                Negative Population-Growth, 210 The Plaza, Box 1208, Teaneck, NJ 07666, (201)837-3555        
Heart Attack Symptoms From Silicone Breast Implants
    Eleven patients with silicone breast implants experienced chest pain not related to physical exertion that lasted from 15 minutes to four days. The symptoms closely mimic heart attacks, including a "pressing and stabbing" type of pain with radiation to the shoulders, left arm and jaw. Associated symptoms included nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath and palpitations. But all patients were found to-have normal electrocardiograms.
    Upon examination of the silicone breast implants it was found that they had at least one ruptured implant, chronic inflammatory rinds and free silicone in tissue whether or not the implants were even ruptured. Several had pathological changes to the pectoralis major (chest) muscle. The clinicians concluded that the silicone breast implants were the cause of the pain creating inflammatory reactions and neuroma (an abnormal growth of nerves) formation.
        10. South Med. J., 1994; 87: 978-
Obesity On The Increase
    America is increasing its mass. Obesity now afflicts 35% of women and 31% of men, up from 27% and 24% just -ten years ago. Obesity consumes more than 70 billion dollars in health care costs. In spite of all the "lite" foods, fads, weight loss clinics, and watch-the-percent-of-fat education, we keep piling it on.
    Medical interests are now pressuring insurance companies to fund more aggressive medical interventions.
    But increased medical expenditure or freebee (insurance) treatment will not solve the problem either. The problem is more basic and fundamental and reflects the general tendency of society to remove itself from its proper environmental contextual roots. The solution, therefore, will be to reacquaint ourselves with those roots and change life-style and eating patterns to match what we are genetically adapted to. For a thorough discussion of this see my book The Synorgon Diet: How To Achieve Healthy Weight In A World Of Excess, available from the Wysong Book Store Catalog (Resource A, below).
        11. Scientific American, March 1995:34:
Kangaroo Mothering
    In developing countries the resources for high-tech care of low-birth-weight infants is not available. As an alternative, the kangaroo mothering method was developed. The infant is kept upright in skin to skin contact with the mother's breast.
    In a longitudinal, randomized, controlled trial in Ecuador, 128 low-birth weight infants using the kangaroo mothering method were compared to 147 controls using standard incubator care. During a six month follow up period, the kangaroo mothering method infants had a significantly lower rate of illness than those who had been assigned to incubators.
    Though many mothers may not know best since most mothers succumb to medical propaganda that intervention and technology gives their babies the best chance in life, the mother within is indeed best. If you are interested in learning more about this type of parenting, see the Child Rearing --section of the Wysong Book Store Catalog (Resource A, below).
        A.       The Wysong Book Store Catalog, 1880 N. Eastman Road, Midland, MI 48642, 517-631-0009.
        13. The Lancet, September 7, 1994: 782-
Chloroform In Swimming Pools
    When chlorine in the water of swimming pools reacts with organic water pollutants, chloroform gas is formed. This gas is then breathed by swimmers. Chloroform belongs to the class of chlorination by-products known as trihalomethanes, which are carcinogens.
    Because breathing rate increases during the exercise of swimming, chloroform concentrations in the lungs can greatly increase. In one study it was found that an hour swim increased the chloroform level from 526 ppb (parts per billion) to 1060 ppb.
    Although trihalomethanes are controlled in drinking water, the levels considered safe may not be so for swimmers.
    If you are going to use a pool with any regularity consider alternate purifying systems that not only replace the use of chlorine with safe compounds such as hydrogen peroxide and ozone, but have the capability of removing organic pollutants. Make some telephone calls to local pool supply dealers asking them for alternate pool purifying systems and if they do not know of any sources ask them if they know where else you can go. This search will ultimately lead you to the appropriate sources. Chances are, alternate systems will cost more, but this is a small cost when your health is being purchased.
        14. Science News, January 7, 1995:5
Sleep To Stay Well
    If you're tired and put off sleep, the rest of your body may be smarter. In fact, it has been found that your immune system will go to sleep even if you don't. Even modest sleep loss over one night markedly reduces the activity of immune cells. A brief period of sleep deprivation lowers resistance to viral infections while sustained sleep loss tends to bring on bacterial related diseases.
    In a study of 23 healthy men who were denied sleep between 3:00 a.m. and 7:00 a.m., natural killer cells, a type of lymphocyte critical in our immune defenses, fell substantially. Natural killer cell activity dropped 30% but was restored to normal vitality as soon as uninterrupted sleep was returned.
    Sleep is far underestimated for its ability to bring alert, vital, happy health. People tend to push themselves and get caught up in the "necessaries" of life and have learned to subjugate the body's call for sleep.
    Get plenty of sleep at night and if you feel tired during the day, take brief naps. Even if you do not fall asleep for these naps, even closing your eyes while reclining for 15-20 minutes can markedly rejuvenate your body, mind and immune system.
        15. Psychosomatic Medicine, November/December 1994
Tobacco And Impotence
    In a study of 4,400 Vietnam veterans those who smoked were 50% more likely to be impotent than those who did not. Smoking adversely affects the cardiovascular system, making men not only more vulnerable to heart disease, but to constriction of blood vessels throughout the body, particularly in the extremities, including that very special male extremity.
        16. American Journal of Epidemiology. 1994; 84; 5: 78