Dr. R. L. Wysong
September/October 2000
    This month’s lead article will give you insight into some of the “fun” with government we have at Wysong trying to get healthy products to you.  This kind of experience makes me reflect a lot on what government is and what it should be.
    If you are not engaged in an activity where you are up against government muscle, the elections coming up should still make you ponder. 
    We live in a democracy where every vote is equal in the count, but not necessarily equal in its value.  A stupid vote could open the door for oppression.  (An ever-present danger of democracy is mob rule.)  A smart vote could help assure peace, security and freedom.  Our responsibility is not to vote, but to vote intelligently.
    Government’s primary function should be to protect individual freedoms.  That is clearly the point of the Constitution, a contract between government and “we the people.”   Unfortunately, our laziness, our desire to get something for nothing and to have others take responsibility for us, is moving us rapidly toward socialism.  Here, the government increasingly takes on a life of its own as people increasingly look to leaders who promise to fill every need.  This can all happen within a democracy.        Government will continue to gather power until we discover that all the “freebies” from Big Brother have an ultimate price: loss of freedom and economic ruin.
    Do you think Stalin, Hitler, or other like despots came into position by announcing their nefarious intentions?   Certainly not.      They got there by telling people about all the things they would do for them.  Since everyone wants to spend their life reclining on a couch while bureaucrats hand feed them grapes, bigger and bigger and more powerful government is almost inevitable... unless we see the warning signs and stop it early.  While we still have them, our voice and vote are our only protection.
    People we elect should have ethical character, be honorable and honest, have a clear vision of government that coincides with Constitutional principles, advocate individual responsibility and be “one of us,” preferably not an imperial career politician type.  Those candidates who advocate more government, and more taxes to feed its growth, which result in an ever-increasing proportion of the population which is either directly on the government payroll or its dole, are socialists in “democracy” and “do-gooder” drag.
    It works like this: the more people a socialist can make dependent upon government, the more assured he is of securing their vote.  No one wants to vote to remove their life support system.  The end result?  Government with all the power because the people now need it for their very sustenance. 
    That’s how oppressive and cruel governments can be born right under our democratic noses.
    What does this have to do with health?  Remove freedom and control, and you will ultimately lose your mental, spiritual and physical health. 
    Vote for individual freedom and personal responsibility.  Measure any aspiring leader with this focus and don't pass over the seemingly “small” issues of constitutional allegiance, integrity, ethics, truthfulness and character.
    For many years we have wanted to create an organic diet with free-range meat.  If it weren’t for the unreliability of supply, and pricing out of reach, all products we produce would be designed in this way.  Nevertheless, for several months now, we have been developing one such food.
    Reliable sources of organic ingredients are hard to find.  Usually growers are small and local.  It is difficult to create a product for national consumption with such uncertainty in supplies.   But we have at long last found a reliable source of free-range meat and special non-GMO, whole, organic ingredients.
    Before a new product can be put on the market, labeling must be submitted to each state’s regulatory agency, as well as to the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO).  Little did we know such efforts to improve pet foods would be met by regulators tightening the thumbscrews and heaving us on the rack.  Below is a copy of the original label as it was submitted to AAFCO regulators.
    First off, we wanted to call the food “Organic.”  Certainly simple and direct, and clearly communicated what the food was.  But no, regulators told us that unless we could provide organic certification (in spite of the fact that the ingredients are organic), we could not use the name. 
    So we tried “Biodynamic.”   Our AAFCO contact didn’t know what that word meant, so we were on our way.
    The next task was to get approval for the ingredients.  Easy, right?  Just list what’s in there:   Free-Range Beef Meat and Organs, Whole Free-Range Organic Eggs, Whole Organic Kamut, Whole Organic Millet, Whole Organic Soybeans, Whole Organic Flax Seeds…   Sounds good enough for the family dinner table, doesn’t it?  (Actually, far better than most of us eat.)
    Not to AAFCO regulators.   First of all, they objected to kamut because they didn’t know what it was.   (It is an ancient nutrient-dense form of wheat.)  Second, no reference can be made to the grade or quality of ingredients.  This means that we could not say “free-range” or “organic” in the ingredient listing.  Kind of misses the point of this diet, doesn’t it?
    So, we reworked the ingredient listing to AAFCO specifications.  This left us with:  Beef, Beef Liver, Beef Heart, Ground Kamut Wheat, Ground Extruded Whole Soybeans, Ground Flax Seeds, Whole Eggs…   This neutered version doesn’t do justice to the quality of these ingredients.
    Oddly, we may be allowed to put “organic” and “free-range” on other parts of the label (as long as not a part of the product name or the ingredient listing).
    Upon submittal of the revised label, we were shocked to learn of new requirements.  Not only documentation and certification was required verifying that ingredients are organic, free-range and non-GMO (we do understand the need for this), but also that we provide “scientific peer-reviewed literature” for other label statements – statements which have been on all of our labels (and approved) for years!
    Now, mind you, our products are all grounded in science, but this requirement for scientific peer-reviewed literature is an onerously time-consuming glitch.  Time is of the essence since new catalogs contain Biodynamic, ingredients have been ordered and our plant is ready to produce.   But packaging will take weeks, if not months, to print after AAFCO finally approves the label!
    The following are specific label statements (in brackets []) questioned by regulators, followed with our responses:
        1.             [Organic] – Response:  Organic certificates for each ingredient were sent. 
        2.             [Humane] – Response:  Webster defines this as kind, compassion-ate and merciful.  Meats used in Biodynamic are from free-range (free living, free roaming) animals, as opposed to confined food animals raised in stalls, lots or crates.  The former is obviously more humane than the latter.
        3.             [Free-Range] – Response:  A certificate of origin was provided certifying this.
        4.             [Non-GMO] – Response:  As per Section 9.2.1 of the Organic Crop Improvement Association International Certification Standards (1999, available at www.ocia.org), certified organic products are prohibited from the use of organisms that have been modified by genetic engineering.  Hence, the organic ingredients (see references 1-6) are        non-GMO by definition.
        5.             [Optimal] – Response:  It is possible to achieve minimum regulatory standards with nutritionally inferior food-fractions.  Wysong attempts to go beyond this with the use of whole ingredients, fresh ingredients and ingredients going above and beyond those required by regulation.  For example:
                >Fresh beef with organs, rather than  “animal by-product meal, poultry hatchery by-product, hydrolyzed poultry feathers, meat meal tankage, hydrolyzed hair, hydrolyzed leather meal, undried processed animal waste products” as permitted on pages 187-193, 263 of the 1998 Official Publication of the Association of American Feed Control Officials.
                >Whole, Organic, non-GMO Kamut, Millet, Extruded Soybeans, and Flax Seeds, rather than “wheat mill run, flax straw by-product, peanut hulls, processed grain by-products, corn cob fractions” as permitted on pages 284, 260, 222 of the 1998 Official Publication of the Association of American Feed Control Officials.
                >Preserved with safe and natural Vitamin E Supplement, Rosemary and Sage, rather than “BHT, ethoxyquin, TBHQ” of questionable safety as permitted on pages 195-196 of the 1998 Official Publication of the Association of American Feed Control Officials.
                >Chelated (“proteinated”) minerals, rather than various isolated synthetics such as “ferric chloride, ammonium polyphosphate solution, defluorinated phosphate” as permitted on pages 230-244 of the1998 Official Publication of the Association of American Feed Control Officials.
                >Non-required ingredients such as probiotics (“fermentation products”), prebiotics (found in artichoke and garlic), nutrient-rich wheat and barley grasses (analyses were sent), and a special black pepper to increase vitamin and mineral absorption (see references 1-6), rather than “dehydrated garbage, ground almond shells, processed animal waste derivative” as permitted on pages 250, 252, 176 of the 1998 Official Publication of the Association of American Feed Control Officials.
        Also see references #7-14 showing that the minimal regulatory requirements are meant to prevent deficiency, not to promote optimal health.  (“The amount of an element needed to prevent frank deficiency may not be sufficient to support optimal nutrition,” see reference #12.)
        6.             [Genetically Matched] – Response:  Meaning, matching food as closely as possible to the genetic program of the animal (e.g., felids are programmed for prey, equids are programmed for forages).  The natural diet of canids and felids is whole, fresh, raw prey including meat, bones, organs and probiotic/enzyme-rich vegetation filled viscera (see references #15-18).  Wysong attempts to duplicate this as closely as possible by including muscle meat and a variety of organs as the primary ingredients, as well as vegetation (grasses) and a variety of enzyme-producing probiotics, mimicking the edible viscera of prey.  This is in contrast to ingredients that are obviously genetically unmatched and approved for use by AAFCO including “polyethylene roughage replacement, precipitated chalk, pasta product, ball clay, petroleum jelly, saccharin bisulfate” as permitted on pages 276, 232, 255, 271, 273 of the 1998 Official Publication of the Association of American Feed Control Officials.
        7.             [Fresh Meats, Whole Ingredients] – Response:  Certificate of origin proving this was provided.
        8.             [Alive] – Response:  After all processing is complete, Biodynamic (like all Wysong dry diets) is enrobed with live probiotic cultures of Bacillus subtilis, Entercococcus faecium, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus lactis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Aspergillus oryzae, Aspergillus niger species.
        9.             [Synergistic Complexity of Life Itself ] – Response:  Life is synergistic, comprised of myriad parts interlinked to create wholistic qualities, not reductionistically traced to components.   Food fractions, isolated chemicals and synthetics are mere parts.  Whole foods contain wholistic value much like life’s synergistic complexity.  Nutritional value cannot be duplicated by a combination of isolated chemical parts (see references #19-22) any more than life can be created by stirring atoms, or even amino acids and nucleotides together (see reference #23).
        10.             [Phytonutrients] – Response:  As defined by Webster’s New World Dictionary, Second Concise Edition, 1982:  The prefix “phyto” means a plant, vegetation;   “nutrient” is a nutritive substance. Together, a  “phytonutrient” is a plant nutrient.
                >Wysong Biodynamic contains plants (wheat/barley grass, kelp, etc.) that contain nutrients (analyses were sent).
                >Therefore, Biodynamic contains phytonutrients. 
    We ended our letter to the regulators with the following:
    “Is ‘peer-reviewed’ documentation of statements on pet food labels a new AAFCO standard?  We believe we could prove hundreds of approved labels are on the market completely lacking peer review documentation.  For example, we commonly see pet food labels claiming: ‘will clean teeth,’ ‘is the ideal snack,’ ‘will have any Rover rolling over,’ ‘is fitness food,’ ‘contains twice the meat taste,’ ‘will result in optimal growth,’ etc.  No such claims, nor dozens of others like them, have been documented by peer-reviewed scientific studies, but they have your approval. 
    Most importantly, how can the claim of ‘100% complete and balanced’ be on virtually all pet food bags when it has never been proven by peer-reviewed scientific documentation?  How is this not a misleading claim when the clear definition of ‘100%’ and ‘complete’ means that such labeled foods promise that they have not, do not, or will not cause nutritionally-related disease?      How is this not grossly misleading when clear studies (peer-reviewed, incidentally) have in fact proven that such labeled foods have not been ‘complete’ or ‘balanced’ or ‘100%’ at all, since they have caused disease and death (see reference #24)?  This is the oxymoron that plagues us, particularly when such careful critique of our labels is made over picayune matters that could not – even in the furthest stretch of the imagination – cause harm to people or their animals.”
    The outrageous irony of our struggle to get labels approved by a rigid regulatory system, of course, is that if our new diet’s ingredient list was, “hydrolyzed hair, peanut hulls, corn cob fractions, ethoxyquin, dehydrated garbage, processed animal waste derivative, etc...” – as long as it met minimum nutrient requirements – we’d be summarily approved and on our way!
    Postscript:  In response to our reply above, regulators told us being free-range is not more humane than being raised in a pen, stall or box; that we provided insufficient proof that “optimal” is better than “minimal”; and that “genetically matched,” “fresh,” “alive,” and “synergistic complexity” have not been proven.  The saga continues. 
        Badmaev V, et al.  Enhancing nutrient bioavailability with black pepper extract.  Nutr Sci News.  1:36-8.  1996.   
        Dora KA, et al.  Resiniferatoxin and piperine:  Capsaicin-like stimulators of oxygen uptake in the perfused rat hind-limb.  Life Sci.  55(5):389. 1994.    
        Kawada T, et al.  Some pungent principles of spices cause the adrenal medulla to secrete catecholamines in anesthetized rats.  Proc Soc Exp Biol Med.  188:229.   1988.   
        Lee EB, et al.  Pharmacological study on piperine.  Arch Pharmac Res.  7:127-32.    
        Reanmongkol W, et al.  Effects of piperine on bioenergetic functions of isolated rat liver mitochondria.  37(4):753.  1988.
        Tripathi P, et al.  Thryogenic response to Piper nigrum.  Fitotherapia.  (LX):539-41.  1989.    
        Combs, GF.  Adequate vs. Optimum:  Nutritionists are shifting their focus to promoting peak health.  Pet Food Industry.  July 1988:31-43.   
        Bieri JG.  Are the recommended allowances of dietary antioxidants adequate?  Free Radical Biol Med.  3:193.   
        Combs GF.  Should intakes with beneficial actions, often requiring supplementation, be considered for the RDAs?  J Nutr.  126:2373S-2376S.   
        Gonzáles MJ.  Revision of the recommended dietary allowances:  A necessary public health approach toward disease prevention.   J Opt Nutr.  3:19.   
        Nestle M.  The politics of dietary guidance – A new opportunity.  Am J Publ Health.  84:713.   
        Turnlund JR.  Future directions for establishing mineral/trace element requirements.  J Nutr.  124(9 Suppl):1765S-1770S.          Hegsted DM.   Optimal nutrition.  Cancer.  43(5 Suppl):1996-2003.    
        Cashman KD.  Optimal nutrition:  Calcium, magnesium and phosphorus.  Proc Nutr Soc.   58(2):477-487.   
        “Carnivore,” as defined by the Encyclopædia Britannica:  a member of the mammalian order Carnivora, literally “meat eaters.”  The order Carnivora is composed of 10 families of primarily predatory mammals:  the dogs, foxes, wolves, and jackals (Canidae); bears (Ursidae); raccoons and pandas (Procyonidae); weasels, skunks, otters, and badgers (Mustelidae); genets, civets, and mongooses (Viverrridae); hyenas (Hyaenidae); cats (Felidae); sea lions, or eared seals (Otariidae); earless seals (Phocidae); and the walrus (Odobenidae).   
        Hubbs EL.  Food habits of feral house cats in the Sacramento Valley.  California Fish and Game.  37(2):177-189.    
        Eberhard T.  Food habits of Pennsylvania house cats.  Journal of Wildlife Management.  18(2):284-286.   
        Coman BJ, et al.  Food habits of the feral house cat in Victoria.  Journal of Wildlife Management.  36(3):848-853.   
        Oettlé GJ, et al.  Glucose and insulin responses to manufactured and whole-food snacks.   Am J Clin Nutr.  45(1):86-91.
        Playford RJ, et al.  Effect of luminal growth factor preservation on intestinal growth.  The Lancet.   341(8849):843-848.    
        The whole plant versus the sum of its nutrients.  Tufts University Diet & Nutrition Letter.  12(3):5-6.   
        Food nutrient interactions.  A Scientific Status Summary by the Institute of Food Technologists’ Expert Panel on Food Safety & Nutrition.   
        Wysong RL.  The Creation-Evolution Controversy.   Midland, MI:   Inquiry Press.  1984.  Pages 113-119, 223-229.
        Wysong RL.  “The Truth About Pet Foods.”  Midland, MI.  2000.    
    Vitamin E from food sources plays a role in the prevention of stroke because it scavenges free radicals and prevents LDL (low density lipoprotein) oxidation. 
        Am J Clin Nutr.  72(2):476-83.  2000.
    Dietary supplementation of carotenoids and vitamin E over a period of at least 3 months reduces the skin-reddening effect of sunburn. 
        Am J Clin Nutr.  71(3):795-98.  2000.
    Asthma treatment for 3 months or more with inhaled steroids increases risk of glaucoma, cataracts, osteoporosis, growth suppression in children, skin disorders, oral candidiasis, and suppression of adrenal glands. 
        Chest.   111(2 Suppl):17S-26S.  1997 Feb.
    More than 5 years of use of estrogen with progestin increases the risk of breast cancer by 9% per year. 
        Am J Epidemiol.  147(suppl):645.  1998
    Children who were breast-fed had a 38% higher likelihood of graduating from high school. 
        Pediatrics.  101(1):E9.  1998. 
    Children who were breast-fed for at least one month had a 21% lower risk of developing two forms of childhood leukemia – acute myeloid and acute lymphoblastic leukemia. 
        Nat Cancer Inst.  91(20):1765-72.  1999.
    Vitamin C supplementation reduces blood pressure in those with hypertension by approximately 10%. 
        The Lancet.  354.  1999.
    High broccoli consumption is associated with a significant reduction in heart attacks in postmenopausal women.   Relevant Wysong Product:  Salad™ contains concentrated broccoli. 
        Am J Epid.  149(10):943-9.  1999.
    Omega 3 fatty acids modestly slowed the buildup of fat in the arteries of heart disease patients.     
        Ann Intern Med.  130(7):554-62.  1999.  
    Establishing beneficial dietary lipid support ratios before 5 years of age lessens age-associated increases in children’s serum cholesterol.   
        JAMA.   284(8): 993-1000.  2000. 
    Male smokers are robbed of an average of 11 minutes of life span with each cigarette smoked.           
        Brit Med J.  320:53.  2000.
    People who smoke have a higher incidence of cataracts than those who do not; quitting smoking reduces this risk by limiting total dose-related damage to the lens.
        JAMA.   284(6):713-716.  2000.  
    Postmenopausal women who exercise regularly are half as likely to develop diabetes as those who do not. 
        Am J Pub Health.  90:134-8.  2000. 
    Ingestion of pancreatic enzymes significantly reduces bloating, gas and nausea.   
        Dig Dis Sci.  44:1317-21.  1999.
    Women with impaired hearing had lower blood levels of vitamin B12 and folate than women with normal hearing.    
        J Clin Endocrin Metabol.  83:2223-35.  1998.  
    Babies whose mothers were vaccinated against measles as children may be up to three times as susceptible to measles than those born to mothers who were infected naturally.
        Pediatrics.   104:E59.  1999.
    Dietary consumption of 1200 mg of garlic per day resulted in a significant reduction in tick bites. 
        JAMA.   284(7).  2000.
    Over 200,000 U.S. deaths per year are from iatrogenic causes (unnecessary surgeries, medication and other errors in hospitals, nosocomial (hospital) infections, and adverse effects of medications).
        JAMA.   284(4).  2000.
    Oral magnesium supplementation has a significant prophylactic effect for migraine sufferers, decreasing attack frequency by over 40%.
        Cephalalgia.  16(4):257-63.  1996.
    People who eat fish less than once per week are 31% more likely to become depressed. 
        Amer Psychiatric Assoc. Annual Meeting. May 16, 2000.                     
    Fractures that occur within U.S. nursing homes due to osteoporosis cost about $3.9 billion annually. 
        JAMA.   284(8).  2000.