Dr. R. L. Wysong
November 1994


     Our world faces gigantic problems.  Many of these are addressed each month in the Health Letter along with ideas which might help create solutions.  But sometimes our voice seems so small, the magnitude of the problems so large and public ignorance and apathy so pervasive that it   can seem hopeless.
     We nevertheless must try.   Evil (in this case anything that threatens a sustainable and pleasant world for future generations) exists because good people do nothing.  Additionally once we understand the seriousness of the problems, the despair alone can be health-threatening.   Doing something not only offers the possibility of fixing our problems, but our active participation toward solutions relieves hopelessness and is healthy.
     Health crises, the destruction of habitat, deforestation, explosive population growth and mindless exploitation for industrialization and profiteering are all gigantic world-wide problems that threaten the existence of future generations all over the planet.  Technology is in large part responsible for the speed with which these destructive forces are closing in on us.
     But I believe we are living through a dramatic new revolution.  It is difficult to see, or appreciate its magnitude because we are in the midst of it.  That revolution is the computer age.  
     This revolution, although not by design, does create an exciting glimmer of hope.  The interlinking of the world through computer networks allows rapid dissemination of information instantly, globally.   Such free flow of information has the potential for enlightenment.  It also has the potential for bringing the world together as a community, breaking down artificial borders that exist because governments up until now have been able to keep their populations ignorant by selectively controlling the information to which they are exposed.   That control is vanishing rapidly because cyberspace cannot be controlled.
     The ultimate impact of the world being brought up to speed in terms of the problems that face us all is yet to be fully realized.       But the first step toward any rational solution is knowledge.
     Even resources can be spared with this new technology.  Fax machines, for example, can eliminate a mail carrier, mail by computer can eliminate fax machines.  Computers can eliminate newspapers, magazines and catalogs and spare umpteen gazillion trees.  Computers, telephone lines and television sets interlinked make home based business more possible and may obsolete shopping and retail commerce as we know it.  The potential exists for the dramatic decline in so many energy-and resource-consuming activities, through instantaneous communication through the computer super highway.
     I believe we stand on the threshold of gigantic changes brought about by increasing miniaturization and information technology.  Our present world will appear technologically Paleolithic when compared to the new world created with this technology in the next 50 to 100 years.  The possibilities are seemingly endless.
     My point is that although technology has speeded us toward potential ruination, technology may offer salvation too if we are able to point its direction rationally to create a better world.  In the meantime, become computer alert and aware.  Research getting a computer to use at home, and stay abreast of this emerging technology so that you can be a force to use it in ways which may help solve the crises pressing in upon us.
     Within science, ideas evolve - from simple observation to guesses to hypotheses to theories to laws.  To advance up this scale of certainty, requires enormous amounts of proving and time.  Few scientific ideas have become law.
     Within physics, for example, there are laws of inertia and laws of gravity which we all learned in our early school years.  These are full scale laws of nature we consider to be “Truths.”  
     There is also a discipline in physics known as thermodynamics.  It is the study of the flow of energy.  The first and second laws of thermodynamics, though obscure to most, are believed to be among the most studied, proven and immutable of all scientific laws. 
     The first law states that energy can neither be created nor destroyed.  The second law, the subject of this article, states that in a closed system not subject to outside interference, entropy, or the degree of disorder in the system, will always increase over time.  To put it as one profound author with whom I am very impressed says: “The second law (entropy principle) concerns the qualitative degeneration of energy.  The ultimate consequence of the second law upon the universe is to be what has been termed ‘heat death.’   In the end, the universe is to be completely random.  All energy will be leveled out.  No energy gradients will be available for the accomplishment of work, and beauty and order will be lost to a uniform, bleak, blah cold. 
     Basically the second law says three things: 1) Systems tend toward the most probable state.  2) Systems will tend toward the most random state.  3) Systems will increase entropy, where entropy is a measure of the availability of energy to do useful work... In its practical and basic sense (as opposed) to its theoretical sense, or merely its description of heat flow) the second law says the above three listed things.  These three, in essence, say one thing.  That is, spontaneity causes degradation.”(p. 241, The Creation Evolution Controversy, by R. L. Wysong)
     What does this have to do with health?  As you know, I continue to espouse the merits of natural, raw foods in the Health Letter.  A lot of research and thinking about this confirms to me with increasing force the value of this simple concept: living things need living food.  Let me use a new argument employing the second law of thermodynamics to help demonstrate how compelling this concept is.
     In their intact living state, foods are exceedingly complex with a high degree of orderliness and low entropy.   There is, for example, the equivalent of millions of volumes of Encyclopedia Britannica within the genetic material in a single cell found in natural raw food.
     Now, just as when you build an elaborate castle of dominos on the kitchen table the complexity and orderliness will be lost by shaking the table, so too will the order found within food be lost when it is put through the rigors of modern processing.  Heat, shear, pressure, vacuum, distillation, acidification, alkalinization, etc... and time, are all random energy forces that disrupt the orderliness found within living food.  These forces change food from a complex set of relationships, an interdependent milieu, to a scattered array of broken, denatured, fractionated, devitalized, simplified chemicals.
     In overview, what occurs throughout the food processing plant is the taking of a highly complex biological system (natural food) replete with information and low entropy (high organization) then a conversion (perversion) into a high entropy, disorganized, synthetic mush.  Just as the universe is slowly losing its orderliness, irreversibly moving toward a cold random oblivion, we in our food processing plants likewise change the nature of living complex food to a form of random oblivion. 
     (For you thermodynamicists, please permit me a little scientific and editorial license.  I am seeking to advance a basic concept and I understand that details could be argued.)
     We as living creatures are in a highly ordered state.  The more disordered we become, the more diseased we become and, finally, the more deceased we become.  We too move from a high state of orderliness or low entropy, to high entropy and the grave.
     If we were to try to live in a world without order - in the cold bleak randomness of the universe’s final end - we could not exist.  We need the thermodynamic organization of our environment to permit our very survival.  All things in nature in fact move as a result of this organization.  Solar and lunar cycles, hydrologic cycles,  and all physical and biological thermodynamic events that make up this thing called a living Earth are the very elements we depend upon to survive.
     Why then do we believe that we can take our food and purposely drive it toward a random, cold abyss and not reap consequences?  In other words, if we take the order and organization within our food, the low thermodynamic entropy it has, and destroy it, how will we not be affected?   True, we are able to survive by eating such devitalized, dead, embalmed foods - for a time - but this is simply because the food is not totally destroyed and because our bodies have tremendous adaptive reserves and low entropy to begin with. 
     But over time these reserves are exhausted.  Without the replenishment of our systems with the high order and organization of living raw food I suggest we hasten the closing of our bank account.
     The second law of thermodynamics is evident everywhere.  Things decay, they rust, they become disorganized, they degenerate without concerted effort to reverse this inevitable trend.   Though we may not understand fully the effects of living raw natural foods in our diet, does it not make sense simply using the models we see all around us that we would benefit from taking into our bodies highly ordered, highly organized living foods rather than foods that have had this order destroyed?  (The orderliness I speak of here is not the clever twist in a pretzel or the alphabet in the soup.)
     Think about this as you eat your next meal.  Notice how much of your food is living and raw and how much of it has been destroyed or is even unrecognizable as anything coming from nature at all.   Constantly try to increase the proportion of the raw natural foods in your diet over the dead devitalized ones.  It will take some doing because almost everything that gets to the table has been vitiated by the hands of processors.
     I will continue to talk about this through subsequent issues of the Health Letter and give you suggestions and ideas for specific things you can put in the diet that are raw, natural and still contain their full thermodynamic compliment of unaltered low entropic nutrients.
          The Creation-Evolution Controversy, by Dr. R.L. Wysong, Inquiry Press, 1976: 241
     Before you get all excited about that trip to the sunny South and the wonderful tan you are going to get, let me alert you to some dangers.  First of all, recognize that our knowledge of the sun and its effect on life is paltry.  Life through eons prior to the Industrial Revolution spent virtually all of its time out of doors, exposed to full spectrum light, without being maimed and killed with skin cancers.  Consider that many modern sunscreens only protect against certain ultraviolet spectrums such as UVA, but do nothing to protect against UVB.  Such sunscreens are only even necessary because we spend so much time indoors and thus the sudden exposure to intense sunlight without a gradual acclimation to it is a stress on the skin and body that may indeed cause an imbalance resulting in cancer.
     Don’t be taken in by the commercial propaganda that leads you to believe that if you can get a sun block with a 100+ SPF rating that you need not fear old sol.  Commercial sunscreens interfere with natural mechanisms of the skin that 1) will tell you when you’re getting two much and that you should seek shade or put clothes on and 2) screen elements of the sun that actually create health and prevent disease.
     The screening of UVB light with lotions can also decrease the ability of the skin to produce vitamin D which is a nutrient that can actually suppress the growth of melanoma cells, a very dangerous form of skin cancer.
     Here’s what to do.   Routinely spend time out of doors in natural sunlight, year round, regardless of the climate you are in.       Even in northern latitudes in mid winter, time should be spent out of doors, every day if possible, exposed to natural full spectrum sunlight.  If you find yourself suddenly exposed to intense sunshine by a trip to the tropics or by the advent of summer after spending all winter indoors, allow your skin a chance to acclimate.  Exposure to full spectrum sunlight causes melanin (tanning) producing cells to do their work and to create pigments in the skin that protect the skin against harmful sun radiation.       If  a lot of time is going to be spent outside exposed, then wear hats and clothing.  To exposed areas of the skin, as a temporary measure, use a natural sun screen that protects against the full spectrum of UV radiation (See Resource A).
          A)             Wysong Sun Care products (contact the Wysong institute for supplier source).
     Want to stay healthy?   Want to have more energy?  Want more strength?  Want to excel in a sport?   Want to stay young?       There is probably no other single thing I can recommend to you more strongly than regular, progressive, challenging, exercise.  It can help you accomplish all of the above. 
     Here is some muscle wisdom to get you started, keep you going, and help you benefit the most from a regular, lifelong program. 
     1.   In a person of normal weight, muscle comprises almost half of the body’s weight.  There are over 650 muscles and each hairlike muscle fiber that comprises muscle can support over 1,000 times its own weight.
     2.   There are three kinds of muscle and you can improve them all.  Cardiac (heart) muscle increases in strength and builds its own internal circulation by being challenged with exercise that causes you to huff and puff.  Smooth muscle is normally the involuntary type that surrounds most internal organs including the intestinal tract, arteries, and the respiratory system.  Exercise and a fresh, whole food diet stimulates these muscles to increase in strength and capacity.  Skeletal muscle is the muscle we see on the body and is responsible for our voluntary movements.  It shapes us, and comprises the vast majority of muscular tissue.  Its function is, of course, increased particularly by weight-bearing exercises. 
     3.   As a by-product of increasing muscular strength, bone density is increased, decreasing the likelihood of osteoporosis and fracture.  Connective tissue strength is also increased helping to prevent sprains, strains and joint injury leading to arthritic damage.
     4.   A strength training program need only be done a couple times a week for 20-30 minutes.  If it is done with progressive intensity, great benefits will be derived.  Normally 8-10 different exercises consisting of 8-10 repetitions each is sufficient.  When the movements become easier simply add more weight. 
     5.   Variety is the spice of exercise.  Boredom will set in with any set exercise program.  Variety is not only good for your mind, but good for your muscles to shock them into new spurts of strength. 
     6.             Experiment and learn from others.  Change your program periodically.  Keep records, monitor your progress, and be content with small improvements over time.  Exercise is not designed to reach an endpoint, but is rather a lifelong activity you should make as enjoyable and interesting as possible.
     7.   Be an ageless athlete.  If you don’t exercise you will loose 80% of your strength level by the age of 65.  If you exercise progressively, you need not lose any and may actually gain strength over what you had when you were 20.
     8.   Even pregnant women can benefit from regular strength training exercise.  It not only keeps them fit, but may assist them in more effortless delivery.
     9.   Results are individual.  Everyone can improve their health and appearance through exercise, but not everyone can look like physique idols.  Your results are influenced by the intensity of your program, your genetically controlled muscle fiber type, your individual hormone levels, body proportions, tendon insertion points, muscle-to-tendon ratios and neurological efficiency.  Be content with what you can become and being the best you can be, not with what others are.
     10. Range of motion is important.  Full body movements are more effective in conditioning than smaller movements with higher weights.  An individual who moves 200 lbs 2 feet does more than a person who lifts 300 lbs 1 foot.
     11. A combination of challenging weight-bearing exercise causing you to huff and puff, combined on alternate days with aerobic activity in a sport or exercise, is best for total body conditioning.
     12. Muscle soreness will often follow new exercise or a dramatically increased intensity of regular exercise.   By keeping on a regular exercise schedule, soreness will be reduced.  But soreness is also a welcome sign indicating that you are challenging yourself.  It also will tell you what muscles you have worked by what exercise.  If you do not get sore occasionally, this indicates you are not challenging yourself enough with either increased intensity or with variety.
     13. Women will not (naturally) and should not look like men.  Those who do are likely taking male hormones.  This does not suggest that women cannot increase their strength remarkably.  Some women have, for example, developed the ability to do 132 push-ups in 2 minutes.  How many men could even come close to that?
     14. No pain, no gain.   By pain I am not talking about the pain you feel from injury, but rather a healthy discomfort.  If you do not feel this discomfort in the last few reps of your exercise, then you are not challenging yourself sufficiently and your body will not adapt and increase its condition.
     15. Train for a purpose.   If being healthier, looking better, and staying useful is not sufficient motivation for you to stay in a progressive exercise program, then you need to do some brain exercises.
     16.             Exercise your mouth properly.  Although exercise can result in benefits to young people almost regardless of what they eat, that digestive resiliency wanes quickly with age.  If you do not eat properly, as continually described in the Health Letter, with an emphasis on fresh, raw, whole, natural foods, exercise will not yield the lifelong bounty it is capable of bringing to you.
     17. More is not necessarily better.  There must be sufficient rest between workouts for your body to recover.   If you are in a challenging program and this rest does not occur, you can actually cause muscles to catabolize (break down) in order to fuel the excessive exercise.
     18.             Although maximum muscle strength occurs between the ages of 20 and 30, few people in this age range exercise sufficiently to develop this potential.  That means that if you take your exercise seriously after 30, you can actually have more strength than the majority of 20-and 30-year-olds.
     19. Work the legs.  A well balanced body is the most fit and the most attractive.  Legs are usually the most neglected in an exercise program, but the most important.  Big chests and biceps look ridiculous atop noodle legs.   The legs are the foundation for the rest of the body and although exercising them can be extremely strenuous, they yield benefits in total body development.  An excellent core leg exercise is squats using weights.
     20. Do exercises requiring balance.  Many machines are designed for isolated exercises.  Although they are comfortable, they do not yield the results of full body exercises requiring involvement of a wide variety of muscle groups and balance.  Examples of such multimuscle exercises include pull-ups, push-ups, and squats.  The more exercises you can do without sitting or lying, the better your program will be.
     21. Work out with a friend if possible and at least visit gyms periodically to observe and learn.  This outside input can stimulate you to new peaks and greatly add to exercise interest.
     22. See the Fitness section of the Wysong Library Catalog.  (Resource B)  There are more than 20 titles covering a wide range of fitness topics.
     23. Yes, just do it! 
          B)             Wysong Library catalog, 1880 North Eastman, Midland, MI  48640
     The traditional sit-up exercise is to put the feet under something with the legs straight, and then bend the entire torso from the waist up.  Although this exercise creates static tension on the abdominal muscles, it works primarily the hip flexors and can create an abnormal stress on the intervertebral discs within the lumbar spinal column.
     A much better alternative that isolates and works more effectively the abdominal rectus muscles and does not stress the spine is called the abdominal crunch.  As pictured above, you lie on your back with knees bent and the small of the back pressed tightly to the floor.  The buttocks and the small of the back never leave the floor.  Simply raise and curl the shoulders, head and neck using the abdominal muscles.  The arms can be crossed behind the back with the hands placed on opposite shoulders. 
     An even more effective method is to stretch the arms way out beyond the head and pretend you are grabbing a rubber band with each hand.  Then as you crunch, you bring the arms forward from this stretch position so that the elbows rest at your side and your arms are flexed.  This stretching and contracting of the arms accentuates the stretching and contracting of the abdominal muscles.  Do 20 of these with good form and you’ll know you’ve done something, even though they appear much simpler than a traditional sit-up.
          University of California Berkley Wellness Letter, July 1993
     Clinical trials have proven the ability of Niacin (vitamin B3) to reduce the “bad” LDL cholesterol and raise the “good” HDL cholesterol.  Unfortunately the levels of this synthetic vitamin necessary to achieve these results can range as high as 3000 mg per day, which is 150 times the U.S. RDA.  I am not suggesting here any particular trust in RDA’s, as you know from reading previous issues.  Nevertheless, using levels of synthetic niacin this far beyond that which would be possible in a normal diet, is a questionable practice.
     Most people who attempt to use niacin to reduce cholesterol are unable to stay on it for any length of time.   The side effects from the synthetic high dose vitamin range from flushing, itching, and nausea to wart-like growths and liver damage.  These reactions signal stress and are a sign to desist.
     Taking niacin as part of a vitamin/mineral supplement containing the RDA of niacin, 20 mg, should cause no harm and may be a practical insurance policy.  (See Resource C.) 
     If cholesterol is high, there is also a more practical means of lowering it.  Change the diet with an emphasis on fresh, raw, natural foods.  This simple, logical approach will not only lower cholesterol levels, but decrease the possibility of consuming high levels of oxidized cholesterol present at heightened levels in the modern processed diet.  It will also restore weight to normal levels and greatly increase health, healing, vitality and longevity.
          Wysong RDA™ - a broad-spectrum multi-vitamin/mineral supplement (contact the Wysong institute for supplier source).
     Although just about all new parents take a peek at their unborn baby through ultrasound, with the assurance from doctors that it is perfectly safe and may help detect birth defects early, this procedure is experimental... an experiment on your unborn child. 
     One after another “perfectly safe” technologies of the past performed on infants and children has been shown over time to be detrimental.  I discussed one in a previous issue (Vol. 8, No. 10), radium therapy, which I was even exposed to as a child.       About the same time that radium therapy was being administered to hundreds of thousands, so too were x-rays being used to view the unborn fetus.  Both of these therapies have now been found to be associated with a wide range of disease conditions that may only surface many decades after the procedure was performed. 
     I have spoken in previous issues about the dangers of testing when there is no indication for it and the questionable safety of ultrasound screening.  (See Vol. 7, No. 11 and Vol. 8, No. 2)   Research has now shown that babies subjected to ultrasound are more likely to be left-handed and possibly have delayed speech.  These changes are indicative of subtle changes that are occurring in the brain of the child.  Who is to say what effect ultrasound will have on children as they reach adulthood or move into the middle or latter years of life?  Unfortunately so many manipulations of our environment often do not create immediately evident harmful results, and thus create a false sense of  safety. 
     The only guide we can really use with confidence is to not subject ourselves or our children unnecessarily to any technology.       If a procedure puts us out of our proper genetic context, and subjects us to forces for which we do not have full understanding and complete computation of their consequences, it must be avoided.
          New Scientist, March 19, 1994
          Lancet, October 9, 1993
          British Medical Journal, July 17, 1993
          Canadian Medical Association Journal, November 15, 1993
          New England Journal of Medicine, September 16, 1993
     Recently publicized outbreaks of necrotizing fascitis caused by streptococcal “flesh-eating” bacteria, is not believed to be communicable from one person to the other.  It is a normal opportunist bacterium that lives on the skin and in the throat. 
     For even minor skin infections, apply hot compresses for 20 minutes three or four times a day.  By increasing the circulation to the area you increase the normal antibacterial healing response of the skin.  Usually little more is needed than this to resolve a skin infection.  Topical applications of honey are also effective.  (See Vol. 8, No. 9)
     For sore throats gargle with 3% hydrogen peroxide once every hour for six hours and then once every four hours until the pain is gone.  (See Resource D) Spit after gargling.  Then gargle and spit two to three times a day until you are confident the infection has been brought under control.
          Second Opinion, August 1994: 4
          D)             Wysong Hydropure™ (contact the Wysong institute for supplier source).
     Fruit flies have been genetically engineered to contain more genes responsible for producing antioxidants.   Those fruit flies so altered were found to live 30% longer than normal fruit flies.   Although this does not translate into proof that by consuming synthetic antioxidants we are going to live longer, it does confirm the theory that free radical pathology is responsible, at least in part, for the aging process.  Avoiding free radical toxicants created by industrial pollutants and by processed foods, as well as increasing your consumption of fresh, whole, raw, natural foods specifically rich in natural antioxidants (See Resource E) would be a safe and wise course of action consistent with this research.
          Science, February 1994
          E)             Wysong Food A•C•E™ - A food-derived vitamin A, C & E supplement (contact the Wysong institute for supplier source).
     As a subscriber to the Health Letter you are likely one of the few who have sufficient motivation and ambition to take charge of your own life and your own health destiny.  This attitude of self-reliance is absolutely critical not only to health, but to the realization of full human potential.
     Unfortunately, too many are extremely lazy, wanting to rely on others to take care of their problems for them and to have magical cures in bottles.  For example, in a recent study of individuals with chronic disease, it was found that although people may take medicine they will not change their life.  For example, 91% of diabetics took their medicine but only 69% adhered to the recommended diet and only 19% exercised. 
     Medicine at best is only a temporary band-aid.  Healing must come from within.  It is up to us to nurture those healing forces by making the appropriate life-style and dietary changes.
          John Hopkins Medical Letter, January 1994: 1
     I previously reported that surgical results for breast cancer can be improved by the timing of the surgery.   (See Vol. 8, No. 6)  A new study confirms these original results and shows that premenopausal women with breast cancer who have positive axillary (arm pit) lymph nodes operated on during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle, had a significantly better prognosis than those who had surgery during the follicular phase.  The luteal phase is the second half of the menstrual cycle whereas the follicular phase is the first 14 days of the cycle.
     This is not to necessarily advocate surgical intervention in breast cancer, but to suggest that if it is done it be done during the second half of the menstrual cycle to achieve better results.  Why these results occur during different parts of the menstrual cycle is not known for sure but it may be related to the increased adhesiveness of cancerous cells and decreased killer cell immunological response during the first half of the menstrual cycle, the follicular stage, when high levels of unopposed estrogens occur in the blood.14
          Lancet, June 18, 1994: 1545-
     A study was undertaken of 47 children, aged 12 to 18 months who had normal tissue levels of iron but were receiving additional supplements of iron (ferrous sulfate) at 3 mg/kg daily.  It was found that the excess iron delivered to the children in the form of the supplement resulted in a retardation of growth.
     Nutritional supplements are not without their dangers.  Excesses can be dangerous.  The supplements given in this group were at a fairly hefty dose.  So if a supplement is given to children, unless there is a known deficiency, it might be better to give a broad spectrum vitamin/mineral supplement at approximately RDA levels.  For iron the RDA for children under 4 is 10 mg/day and for infants age birth to 12 months it is 15 mg/day.
          Lancet, May 21, 1994: 1252
     Pruritus ani is an inflammation of the anal area causing intense itching.  For those who have this condition it can be almost incapacitating.  The itching can be so severe that perianal tissue can be abraded causing bleeding, ulceration and an exacerbation of the inflammatory itching cycle.
     There are a variety of causes.  In young children itching of the anal area is often associated with pin worms, but adult pruritus ani is seldom due to pin worms and is more likely a result of food intolerance and digestive imbalance.
     Foods that may cause this condition include soft drinks and coffees, as well as chocolates.  Simply eliminate these foods from the diet and watch for results.
     At the same time, taking a probiotic culture supplement (See Resource F) and increasing the amount of lactobacillus cultures by way of homemade yogurt (See Resource G) may also prove to be beneficial.
     In the meantime, also continue to try to convert the diet to more fresh, raw, whole, natural foods, get plenty of fresh air, sunshine and regular challenging and stimulating exercise.  Topical lotions that will help heal the area include those that contain aloe vera and essential fatty acid oils and antioxidants (See Resource H).
          F)             Wysong H-Biotic™ (contact the Wysong institute for supplier source).
          G)   Yogurt starter, cultures, equipment and directions (contact the Wysong institute for supplier source).
          H)             Wysong Dermal™ - A natural skin moisturizer (contact the Wysong institute for supplier source).
     According to Dr. Atkins, a nutritionally oriented physician, the use of 250 mg of butamic acid, 12.5 mg of L-alanine and 105 mg. of L-glycine in combination with 10 mg of manganese, 25 mg of zinc and 80 mg of saw palmetto given three times a day is effective in the treatment of an enlarged prostate.  These dietary supplements are available at any health food store.
          Health Revelations, May 1994: 8
     Since prostate cancer is believed to be a result of the increased activity of 5-a-reductase, an enzyme that converts the male hormone testosterone into compounds which stimulate prostate enlargement and cancer, a common therapy is to administer female hormones to counteract the male hormones, or to perform castration.  But since it is not testosterone that is the problem, but rather the increased activity of the 5-a-reductase enzyme, saw palmetto may be effective in not only preventing, but treating prostate cancer since it interferes with the activity of 5-a-reductase.  Extracts from saw palmetto are available as a nutritional supplement.  (See Resource I)
          I)             Saw Palmetto (contact the Wysong institute for supplier source).
     As I discuss in my book on Lipid Nutrition, aspirin is one of the pharmaceutical compounds that is used to decrease the adhesiveness of blood platelets and decrease the inflammatory response, both of which are related to increased risk of arteriosclerosis.  Aspirin, like any synthetic pharmaceutical, has a host of problems associated with it.  Classical problems include stomach irritability and bleeding, an increased risk of blindness due to macular degeneration, and now evidence suggests that the consumption of aspirin as a heart attack preventive may do the exact opposite by increasing the chance of blood clot formation and thus artery blockage.
     By increasing the consumption of fresh, raw, natural foods and eliminating as much as possible any cooked or fried oils or fats, and hydrogenated oils, you will make tremendous strides in decreasing the chance of atherosclerosis progressing and can even reverse it.  (See Resource J)
          J)    Lipid Nutrition - Understanding Fats and Oils in Health and Disease, By Dr. R. L. Wysong available from Wysong Library catalog, 1880 N. Eastman, Midland, MI  48640, soft cover $12.95, hard cover $14.95, + $3.50 S&H.
     A study of 980 women who drank at least two cups of caffeinated coffee per day demonstrated that this resulted in lower bone densities (osteoporosis) than in those who did not.
          John Hopkins Medical Letter, July 1994: 1
     Diabetics who did a moderate amount of exercise four days a week on stationary bicycles were able to clear 11% more glucose after 12 weeks.  They only exercised at about ½ to ¾ of their capacity.   The amount of insulin they took did not change, nor did they lose weight in the process.
          Agres, 1993, Volume 41: 23
     The tropical fruit known as guava can yield a juice that can significantly lower blood sugar  levels in diabetics.  As little as 3 ounces of juice lowered fasting blood sugar levels significantly for up to 3 hours after consumption of the fruit juice.
          Alternatives, July 1994: 101
     Niacinamide, a form of vitamin B3 that does not cause the flushing side effects mentioned earlier, has been used effectively to prevent and even reverse Type I genetically determined diabetes.
     Type I diabetes is the diabetes normally requiring insulin injections for control.  It is the result of a form of autoimmune destruction of the insulin-secreting beta cells in the pancreas.
     Adults were given 25 mg of niacinamide for every 2 lbs of body weight per day.  Some had a restoration of the beta cells in the pancreas and some had a slowing of their destruction.  When given early enough, it appears the vitamin can even prevent the disease from developing.   In a group of high risk children less than 16 years of age, given 100 to 200 mg of niacinamide daily, 13 or 14 treated children did not develop the disease, whereas all 8 of the untreated children in the study did.
     These results are significant enough that any adult with newly diagnosed Type I diabetes should consider the use of this vitamin.  For children who are genetically predisposed to the disease, the use of the supplement may also be highly recommended.
          Diabetologia, 1991, Volume 34: 362-    
          Diabetologia, 1993, Volume 36: 574-,
     Researchers have found that by comparing synthetic versus food-derived vitamins, that carcinogenic nitrosamines were reduced to significantly lower levels in those who consumed an equal amount of vitamins from various vegetables and fruits as opposed to those who simply took synthetic vitamin C.  As I have repeatedly noted in the Health Letter, synthetic, isolated, purified vitamins are found nowhere in nature and are a modern invention.  Vitamins as they appear in nature are in complex interrelationships with hundreds, even thousands of other biochemicals within the complex natural food matrix.  It is this natural matrix we are genetically adapted to recognize and best utilize.  For this reason the diet should emphasize fresh, whole, raw, natural foods and if supplements are taken they should be concentrated food sources of those vitamins rather than synthetics if at all possible.  (See Reference E)
          Tufts University Diet and Nutrition Letter, May 1994: 5            
     In a study of patients who experienced back pain, it was found that those who stayed in bed for only two days before starting to become active again, returned to work 45% sooner than those who rested longer.
          John Hopkins Medical Letter, July 1994: 3