WYSONG HEALTH LETTER
Dr. R. L. Wysong
May 1996

Dear Friend:
    How many people would gamble their life on the flip of a coin?  How about this: Heads you get $10 million, tails you die?  Very few, if any, would take such a chance. 
    People wouldn't do this knowingly, but just about everyone is and they don't even realize it. 
    Here's how: Your chances are about 1 in 2 of dying from heart disease or a related disorder.  By buying into our modern, commercial world with its sedentary lifestyle, polluted air, water and ground, and fractionated, perfumed, embalmed and fortified foods, you take about a 50% chance of dying as a direct consequence.
    These are the sobering facts.   About 12 million people die every year of cardiovascular diseases.  In most developed countries in the world one of every two deaths is caused by it.  Every year in America alone, 1-1/2 million people will have a heart attack and 300,000 of these will die before they can receive any emergency attention.  Other cardiovascular related problems include high blood pressure, which afflicts 29 million Americans; irregular heart beat, which afflicts about 8 million Americans; cerebrovascular disease, which plagues about 2-1/2 million Americans. 
    And it's big business.   $100 billion are spent every year in the United States on cardiovascular diseases.   That's $200,000 every minute.  Just the cost for coronary bypass operations is $10 billion every year.  For the survivors of heart attacks and strokes who become disabled and land in nursing homes, there's  another $60 billion every year.
    Folks, this is no little problem.  If there is something you can do about it - and there is - then the time to begin is right now.
    This month's lead article will help you on your way to understanding why we get heart disease and how to reverse underlying causes - a far better approach than doing nothing and hoping that a surgeon can fix the plumbing when something goes wrong. 
 
The End of Heart Disease
    I have talked in previous issues about a variety of things that can be done to prevent and even reverse cardiovascular disease.  These include eliminating obvious risk factors such as smoking, inactivity, excessive weight, environmental toxins and nutrient-impoverished, oxidized, processed foods.
    This article will address specific nutrient supplementation which can dramatically decrease the probability of you getting cardiovascular disease.  The evidence for the use of nutrients to prevent and reverse cardiovascular disease is greater than the sum total of all that for pharmaceuticals and surgical procedures combined.  These nutrients have the ability to stabilize the structural integrity of tissues, remove pathologic deposits of atherosclerotic plaque, enhance energy metabolism in heart and vessel tissue and protect against oxidation.  I will give the specific formula to you at the end of this article, but for now I want you to understand why nutrients are critical in solving this disease problem.
    We were genetically intended to eat foods exactly as found in nature - whole and raw.  As such, these foods contain a bounty of nutritional elements that help us process food, and create the structural integrity and energy necessary for healthful life.  Every time a food is processed in any way, nutrients are depleted and toxic chemicals are produced.  This then results in a nutritional debt.  The body survives - for a time - since it has adaptive capabilities and can draw on stored nutrients.  But then the stress of deficiency and/or imbalance of nutrients takes its toll - weakening the body's structural integrity and diluting its energy capabilities - resulting in a host of chronic degenerative diseases.  Heart disease and related cardiovascular diseases are an example.
    It is now known that vitamin C, for example, is essential to our body for a wide range of functions, but in particular in the formation of the protein collagen, which is a basic structural component of all tissues.  Scurvy is a dramatic deficiency of vitamin C which you may recall was common among sailors who spent months at sea without fresh foods.  The breakdown of collagen in blood vessels resulted in their leaking blood.  What would begin as bleeding gums would escalate to generalized extravasation of blood through vessel walls throughout the body, leading to death.  Thousands died on the high seas from scurvy.
    Today, by eating processed foods we also are vulnerable to vitamin C deficiency, although on a less dramatic level.   Nevertheless, structural integrity is lost due to the weakening of collagen.   Over time a breakdown in the lining of blood vessels initiates the process of atherosclerosis, the tumor-like lesions that develop in blood vessels.  In the heart, these lesions can ultimately block the flow of blood to heart tissue, resulting in heart disease, heart attacks, and death.  In the brain such vessel degradation can lead to strokes.  The breakdown of the vessels throughout the body and the resultant hardening of them leads to high blood pressure.
    So, as a result of our body’s inability to synthesize vitamin C and the lowered amount we receive in our food, the lining of the blood vessel (the endothelium) experiences scurvy, the loss of structural integrity.  Once this breakdown in the vessel occurs, the body attempts repair.   It does this through a variety of mechanisms, but one of the most important is by “plugging” the defects in the vessel wall with apolipoprotein (a).  This is the reason that apolipoprotein (a) is a risk factor for heart disease 10 times greater than cholesterol.  The more apolipoprotein (a) there is, the more chance there is that there will be the adherence to the low-vitamin C-induced lesions in the vessels, beginning the cascade of events that lead to atheromatous plaques.  (For a thorough discussion of the development of atherosclerosis, see my book, Lipid Nutrition - Understanding Fats and Oils in Health and Disease, Resource below.)
    Not only is cholesterol not the cause of cardiovascular disease, but neither is the new more sensitive marker apolipoprotein (a).  The real cause is vitamin depletion.  In particular vitamin C, which causes the scurvy-like lesions in the vessels in the first place.
    From a historical perspective, Dr. Linus Pauling and others who have been studying vitamin C for some time now, suggest that the apolipoprotein (a) factor is an inheritance we have received from our Ice Age ancestors.  It is theorized, first of all, that early on humans went through a genetic mutation that resulted in the destruction of our innate ability to produce vitamin C.  Only humans and a very few other animals are known to be unable to synthesize vitamin C.  Most of the animal kingdom produces (on a relative weight basis) the equivalent of several thousand milligrams of vitamin C daily.  It is further reasoned that it is because of this ability in animals to produce their own vitamin C, that they by and large do not suffer atherosclerotic disease.
    So after humans lost the ability to produce vitamin C, they became dependent upon dietary sources.  These sources would be plentiful when climate would allow them to obtain abundant fruits.   But when ice ages occurred and humans were unable to obtain vitamin C-rich foods, their vessels began to deteriorate from vitamin C deficiency.  Only those individuals who had the ability to deposit apolipoprotein (a) in the lesions to “mend” them were able to survive and bear children who in turn inherited the same ability.  The reasoning continues that we today are the ancestors of these survivors of the Ice Age who were able to survive the vitamin C depletion only because of the sticky apolipoprotein (a) that plugged lesions caused by vitamin C deficiency.
    Today, as we live a lifetime of relative vitamin C deficiency eating primarily processed foods, those with the most apolipoprotein (a) attempt to heal their vessel lesions, but do so to an excessive degree as these plugs turn into growing tumor-like plaques that eventually can occlude and even rupture blood vessels.
    The reason coronary vessels in the heart are particularly susceptible is because of the constant contractions of the heart surrounding these blood vessels, placing them under severe mechanical stress.   Any lesions in them are more likely to be enlarged, thus requiring repair by apolipoprotein (a) - and the cascade of other events that lead to atheromas follows.
    It is interesting that a similar mechanism can describe the hazards of diabetes.  In diabetics where blood sugar levels run high, there is increased susceptibility to vitamin C depletion within cells.  It seems that the conveying mechanisms that move vitamin C and sugar into cells are similar, and when there are high blood levels of sugar, vitamin C is crowded out, resulting in a chronic and ubiquitous vitamin C deficiency throughout the body.   This then leads to vasculature breakdown and the myriad afflictions which often cripple them or terminate their lives, including blindness, strokes, kidney problems, and limb amputations.
    This is more than theory.   Vitamin C has been documented to cut the rate of heart disease in a study of 11,000 Americans over a 10 year period.  As early as 1937 scientific studies showed that vitamin C was able to reverse diabetic pathologies and decrease blood sugar levels and insulin requirements in diabetics.
    No presently available pharmaceutical  has the ability to lower lipoprotein (a) levels, but vitamins C and B3 do. 
    Once the lipoprotein (a) sticks to the defect in the blood vessel wall, and the other inflammatory events start to escalate, more and more cholesterol globules in the form of LDLs and VLDLs (see my Lipid Nutrition book) accumulate.  If the cholesterol which is being consumed in the diet is oxidized - which much of it is if you are eating processed foods - then the chain reaction of free radical damage begins. 
    Studies have also shown that 70-80% of heart disease patients have very low vitamin C blood levels, which also corroborates this explanation for heart disease.
    Nobody using any drug or surgery or any other modern medical intervention has been able to show the decline in heart disease rate that studies have shown with the use of vitamin C.  In one study, for example, 300 mg of vitamin C in the diet in men cut heart disease in half and in women the same dosage decreased the heart disease rate by 1/3. 
    Other evidence, although circumstantial, shows that as the production and consumption of vitamin C has increased in this country, there has been a decrease in the death rate from cardiovascular disease.  
    One of the most remarkable studies has shown proof by angiography (injecting dye into the coronary arteries to determine their patency [openness]).  After taking 500 mg of vitamin C per day for two to six months, 30% of atherosclerotic deposits were found to be decreased.  In those in the control group not taking the vitamin C, the deposits did not decrease.   This is a remarkable finding, in as much as it is commonly argued by conventional medicine that the only way to get rid of atherosclerotic plaques is to roto-root them out with angioplasty or to bypass them with surgery.  No pharmaceutical preparation has shown like capability. 
    Both vitamin C and vitamin E have the ability to increase the HDL form of lipoproteins which have the ability to remove the fatty deposits from the vessel linings.
    Vitamin C and vitamin B3 both have the ability to lower blood levels of the sticky apolipoprotein (a) substance.
    These nutrients also have the ability to relax and thus increase the internal diameter of blood vessels, thereby decreasing the possibility of plugging.
    But this information has been by and large ignored for decades.  Vitamin C and other nonpatented nutrients, such as vitamin E and beta carotene, are not big money makers and thus they remain a footnote while new patented drugs that can do more harm than good get the headlines.
    It is now believed that a whole host of diseases that are related to thickening of blood vessel walls may be prevented, or even reversed by optimal intake of vitamins, and in particular vitamin C.
    So, what can we do now to take advantage of this understanding?  Will increasing vitamin-rich raw fruits and vegetables help?   Yes.  Will eliminating, or at least significantly decreasing the four white poisons from our diet - sugar, flour, refined salt and refined oil - help?  Yes.  Will all the other things that we recommend regularly in the Health Letter be of benefit?  Certainly.   But even if we do all of these things, I think it is very difficult for us to measure the damage that has already been done to us as a result of living a lifetime in our modern, toxic and nutrient-impoverished world.
    I would like to not have to take vitamins, but I’m afraid not to.  As careful as I try to be nutritionally,   I always compromise.      Additionally, I have an entire lifetime before my “awareness” when I ate every imaginable processed concoction with abandon.  Surely we have all experienced damage as a result of this.   Supplementation is a wise insurance policy.  It is not simply guess work either, because hundreds of studies now demonstrate the value to health of nutritional supplementation - and their safety.
    The formulation detailed here has been devised by a physician who worked with Dr. Linus Pauling.  The formulation is designed to optimize a variety of nutrients that can increase the structural integrity of blood vessels, remove atherosclerotic plaques, help prevent apolipoprotein (a) deposition, fuel cardiac cells and blood vessel cells so that they can properly metabolize energy, and protect tissues from oxidation damage.
    It is claimed that this formulation can significantly help in the prevention and reversal of all of the following conditions:  heart attacks, strokes, peripheral forms of  cardiovascular diseases, heart failure, arrhythmias, inherited diseases causing high blood pressure and increased blood clotting, diabetes, morbus cushing, Addison’s disease and other hormonal disorders leading to cardiovascular diseases, Alzheimer’s, neurofibromatosis, muscular dystrophy, Parkinson’s, multiple sclerosis and other disorders of the nervous system which also involve the cardiovascular system, rheumatoid arthritis, polyarteritis, lupus erythematosis, scleroderma and other immunological disorders which also involve the cardiovascular system, inherited disorders causing tissue storage diseases and inherited disorders of the connective tissue.
    Reference:
        Lipid Nutrition - Understanding Fats And Oils In Health And Disease, by Dr. R. L. Wysong.  Available from the          Wysong Book Store Catalog, 1880 N. Eastman, Midland, MI  48642 for $12.95 + $3.50 S&H.
        Eradicating Heart Disease, Matthias Rath, M.D., 1993, Health Now Publishing
        Epidemiology, 1992; 3:194-202
        Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 1979; 32: 511
        Wiener Archiv fur Innere Medizin, 1937; 31: 219-230
        American Practitioner II, 1948; 7: 448-450
        Canadian Medical Association Journal, 1954; 71: 562-568
 
A Healthy Tax
    Of more importance than the fact that we are overtaxed is the unfairness of the present tax system.  No one, including the IRS, understands it, arbitrary assessments are the norm, Americans must spend $300 billion in compliance (in addition to the $600 billion in taxes paid), the IRS is given license to intrude into every corner of our personal lives, those most productive in society must pay more to cover for those less productive (Marxism) and everyone is made to feel like they are cheating when they attempt to keep what they earn.
    There is hope.  On March 7, 1996, the National Retail Sales Tax Bill was introduced as House Resolution (HR) 3039.   Contact your congressman and two Senators urging their support of the bill and request a copy of HR 3039.  Also support the CATS (Citizens for an Alternate Tax System) organization in their efforts to create a fair tax.  (See Resource below.)
    It's time for another tea party, “time to dump the income tax and IRS into the sea,” as congressman Dan Schaefer declared upon introducing the bill.
    Here's why HR 3039 is a breath of fresh air and deserves your support.
    Summary of HR 3039
    •             The personal and corporate income taxes, estate taxes and gift taxes and all non-trust fund excise taxes are repealed.
    •             The Internal Revenue Service is de-authorized.  No successor agency is established.
    •             A tax of 15% is imposed on gross receipts from the sales of any taxable property or service sold in the United States.
    •             A tax is also imposed on the gross receipts from the sale of any taxable good or service for which the sales tax was not paid.  (i.e. goods purchased outside the U.S.).
    •             No tax shall be imposed on any good or service purchased for resale, purchased to produce a good or service for resale, or exported from the United States.
    •             Income going to savings and investments is not taxable until consumed.  Investment income is not taxable until consumed.
    •             To ensure that the basic necessities of life remain tax free, every wage earner receives a refund equal to the sales tax rate times the poverty level (adjusted for the number of dependents claimed) in every paycheck.  As a result, every wage earner will earn up to the poverty level tax-free.
    •             A supermajority vote of 2/3 of both Houses of Congress is necessary to raise the sales tax rate or to create any exemptions.
    •             The burden of proof lies with the government in any dispute with a taxpayer.
    •             Any business required to collect and remit the sales tax may keep 0.5% of the tax receipts to offset compliance costs.
    •             Any state choosing to do so may administer, collect and enforce the sales tax.  States may keep 1% of their collections.
    •             Home mortgage interest is not “consumption” and is therefore not taxable.
    •             Sales tax on mortgage principle is payable in equal installments over the life of a 30-year mortgage.   Persons who are homeowners on the date of enactment will be deemed to have paid the sales tax on their home.
    •             In the case of a taxable good being resold as used (i.e. home, car), a credit shall be given to the seller equal to the amount of tax paid by the buyer of the used property.
    •             The sales tax does not apply to any “casual or isolated” sale by any person not engaged in an active trade business, so long as the gross receipts from the sale do not exceed more than $2000 in any one instance or more than $5000 in a year.
    •             Dues and donations to non-profits are not taxable.
    •             Any good purchased for business use and converted to personal use shall be taxable.  Any good purchased for personal use and converted to business use shall be subject to a credit.
    Reference:
        CATS National Office, 9401 East Street, Manassas, VA  22110, (703) 368-5843
 
Healthy French Fries
    Fast food french fries are unhealthy because they are boiled in an oil of untold age containing a variety of toxins including oxidized oils, synthetic antioxidants, trans-fatty acids and a host of other chemical garbage.  Then the fries are seasoned with refined, additive-laden salt.
    Here’s an alternative you can do at home to satisfy your french fry cravings and get a healthy nutritional boost at the same time.
    First, cut up your potatoes into conventional sticks with a knife or a french fry cutter.  Then you can either bake them in the oven or use one of those table top, hot air convection cookers you probably have seen advertised on television.  Turn the fries so that they are evenly baked and test them for readiness by sticking a fork in them to see if they are soft.
    Then pour in the bottom of a large pan that can be covered some of our herb olive oil or EFA oil. Put enough in there so that when the french fries are put in the pan and tossed they will all be covered with the oil.  When the fries are done, put them in the pan, cover and toss the french fries so that they are all coated with the oil.  Then salt them with our 74 trace mineral, natural salt. 
    These are really delicious fries.  Even my finicky kids beg me to make them - and they are fast food, french fry aficionados.
    What you are getting with this little treat?  All the nutritional benefits of the potato along with noncooked essential fatty acids which are almost uniformly deficient in today’s diet, and a bounty of trace minerals which are also deficient in today’s diet.
 
A Safe Sweetener
    Although banned by the FDA for many years, Stevia, a natural, herbal sweetener, has been used elsewhere in the world with gusto.  The FDA has recently loosened its grip on the herb, permitting its use other than by manufacturers.  (Do you think big money sugar and artificial sweetener interests influence the FDA?)
    The unique thing about Stevia is that it is hundreds of times sweeter than sugar, but does not raise blood glucose, may actually help in metabolizing sugar, it is antibacterial and does not cause dental caries.
    Stevia has a licorice-like flavor and can be combined with other natural, whole sweeteners such as natural, whole, unrefined sugar to cut the taste if desired. 
    This is certainly a far smarter move than using the artificial sweeteners such as aspartame or refined sugars.   Although whole natural sugars have been available for some time, Stevia is just now being released into the U.S. market.  (See Resource below.)
    Reference:
        Stevia Sweetener. If not available locally, contact the Wysong Institute, 1880 N. Eastman, Midland, MI  48642 for a resource.
        Health Revelations, December 1995: 2
 
B Vitamins And Smarts
    Seventy men aged 54 to 81 participated in a study to determine the effects of B vitamins and homocysteine on cognitive (mental ability) function.  The results demonstrated that as homocysteine levels rose as a result of B vitamin deficiencies, cognitive functions declined.   Similarly, lower levels of the B vitamins, particularly vitamins B12, B6 and folate, were also related to lower cognitive function.
    Homocysteine is a marker for increasing risk to atherosclerotic disease since this compound, which rises in the blood with low B vitamin levels, damages the endothelium (blood vessel lining cells) of arteries in the heart and brain.
    Deficiency of B vitamins has been demonstrated to cause dementia, depression, and electrophysiological dysfunction including even convulsions.  In healthy adults, concentrations of B vitamins normally considered to be at appropriate levels were associated with poor cognitive test scores including delayed recall, abstract reasoning and selective attention.
    Many of the B vitamins are very fragile and quite easily destroyed by modern processing methods.  Simply “fortifying” some foods such as breads and cereals with a few B vitamins does not restore the rich B vitamin value of the whole, raw, natural food.  This is yet another piece of evidence demonstrating the need to restore the diet as much as possible to whole, fresh, raw foods and supplement with a multivitamin/mineral product with a spectrum of B vitamins at least at RDA levels.
    Reference:
        American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, March 1996: 306
 
Magnesium And Heart Arrhythmias
    It is estimated that a large percentage  of the US population suffers from magnesium deficiency.  For one reason, magnesium is bound and made unavailable on a 1:1 basis with the high levels of phosphoric acid found in soft drinks.  Drink pop, and magnesium deficiency can result.
    Magnesium is critically important in cellular function and in heart health.  For example, a 2 gram oral dose of magnesium may be all that is required to stop an irregular heart beat.  Magnesium is also used by many nutritionally oriented physicians to dramatically improve the outcome in heart attack victims. 
    If you are having difficulty with heart function, it would be wise to talk to your physician about supplemental magnesium referring to the references cited at the end of this article and to other discussions of the use of magnesium in heart disease as can be found by looking at the year end index in each year’s volume of the Health Letter.
    Reference:
        Inter J Cardio 1995; 49: 143-151
        Annals Emerg Med 1994; 24 (1): 61-64
 
African Americans And Vitamin D
    As I have shown in previous articles, abundant evidence demonstrates that elderly people are particularly prone to vitamin D deficiency in the winter.  They tend to stay inside more, or may be institutionalized in nursing homes.  The skin, not receiving sunlight, decreases the production of vitamin D resulting in decreased calcium uptake.  This in turn weakens bones, making them susceptible to fractures.
    What about dark skinned races moving to northern latitudes?  Efforts toward economic and social equality do not take health into consideration.  A person’s skin is dark for a reason.  Its rich content of melanin not only prevents damage to deeper tissues in harsh, hot equatorial regions, but also prevents the excessive conversion of skin cholesterols into vitamin D.  In northerly climates, people are not only fully clothed, but spend the majority of time indoors.  Additionally, the weak northern sun does not have the strength to penetrate a heavy melanin barrier and thus darker skinned people can be susceptible to vitamin D deficiency quite easily.  Some have even suggested that the sudden exposure of dark skin to the sun in the summer months could contribute to a rise in mental disorders during these periods of time as a result of the toxic effects of a sudden surge of vitamin D.
    When people forget or ignore their genetic roots, there will always be health consequences.  In our mobile world, consideration of and adjustments and accommodations to our genetics are increasingly needed.
    Reference:
        Townsend Letter, July 1995: 84-
 
Causes Of Obesity
    In a series in the Lancet medical journal, the causes of obesity were debated.  Although I discuss the link between obesity and being genetically out of context with our modern world as a preeminent cause in my book, The Synorgon Diet, How To Achieve Healthy Weight In A World Of Excess, it is good to see other researchers coming to the same conclusion.
    One author concluded that creatures in nature adapt to hostile environments or succumb to it.  Our modern world is likewise hostile, but in a different way, by its sheer overabundance and increasing concentration of man-made toxins.  As long as there is permitted almost indiscriminate use of various chemicals in the food industry, and unlimited publicity for addicting junk food without corresponding education about their dangers, there will be obesity.  To have it otherwise would be like offering a child a tasty ice cream cone but asking him not to eat it.  Obesity is, therefore, more of an educational, political and regulatory issue than a physiological one.
    Another author concurred that the majority of obesity is not related to physiological problems, but that “people become overweight when they eat too much.”  Why do they eat too much?   Primarily in response to stresses of work and family life brought on by modern living conditions.  (Overeating being simply a maladaptive, idiosyncratic, coping behavior.)
    On a population-wide basis it is very difficult to see how there is going to be a significant change in the food industry or politics when so much money supports the present order.  Although obesity may eventually triumph in the masses, you can escape it by understanding a simple concept: we must return our lifestyle to that fitting our genetic roots, to not only prevent obesity, but to achieve optimal health.
    Reference:
        The Lancet, September 1995: 636
 
Trans-Fatty Acids And Premature Deaths
    An estimated 30,000 premature deaths occur per year in the United States due to the consumption of trans-fatty acids.
    As continually repeated in the Health Letter, read all labels and eliminate from the diet hydrogenated or partially hydrogenated oils which contain the trans-fatty acids.
    Reference:
        American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, September 1995: 525
 
Low Cholesterol Associated With Increasing Mortality
    In a study of levels of cholesterol in elderly people and mortality, it was found that low cholesterol was associated with increased mortality.  Although the entire medical community is on the bandwagon of lowering cholesterol, this is yet another piece of evidence that the “cholesterol - disease” theory is seriously flawed.
    Reference:
        American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, September 1995: 547
 
Phenobarbitol And Intelligence
    In just the years between 1950 and about 1980 some 22 million children were born in the United States to women who were taking prescribed barbiturates.  Barbiturate-containing pharmaceuticals are still prescribed to pregnant women and neonatal children.
    Although these were given with confidence because there were no immediately observable abnormalities at birth, there was clinical evidence that there were underlying endocrine and neural abnormalities.
    A recent study has shown that men exposed prenatally to phenobarbitol have significantly lower verbal intelligence scores, socioeconomic status and overall decreased cognitive (intelligence) performance.
    You can be sure that these drugs were prescribed without alerting mothers to the fact that they may bear children with intelligence deficits as a result.  Here was an approved FDA drug prescribed with confidence by “expert” professionals. 
    Yet another lesson in why we should always be skeptical of so-called “approved and proven” remedies and treatments.
    Reference:
        Journal of the American Medical Association, November 15, 1995: 1518
 
St. John's Wort For Depression
    In a clinical study of 105 patients with depression, the herb St. John’s Wort (Hypericum) at a dose of 300 mg three times a day compared to placebo was highly effective.  Results were measured by a standard Hamilton Depression Scale score and virtually no side effects were found.
    Reference:
        Phytomedicine, 1994; 1: 3-8
 
Genetically Engineered Allergies
    I have mentioned in previous issues the potential for allergic reactions to genetically engineered plants.  Recent evidence of the reality is from genetically engineered soy beans.
    Soy beans are somewhat deficient in the sulfur-containing amino acids such as methionine and cysteine.  To try to help balance these amino acids, genetic engineers have taken genes from the Brazil nut, which produces the 2S albumin protein high in methionine, and introduced them into soy beans.  By so doing the soy bean has taken on the nature of the 2S albumin Brazil nut protein to which many people are allergic.
    If genetic engineering continues to take hold, an increasing number of food ingredients will become antigenically confused and it will be extremely difficult for consumers to ever sort out which foods are indeed causing food sensitivities or allergies.
    Reference:
        New England Journal of Medicine, March 14, 1996: 688
 
Ageless Sex
    In a study of 321 85-year-olds without dementia in Sweden, it was found that as high as 45% experienced sexual intercourse and sexual feelings during the past year.  Evidence shows that there is little reason to believe the common bias that as you get older you must continue to retire one by one all the capabilities of life that bring joy, happiness and fulfillment.
    Reference:
        New England Journal of Medicine, April 25, 1996: 1140