- WYSONG HEALTH LETTER
- Dr. R. L. Wysong
- Virgin Births
- Technology has increased many
options in modern life. One is the ability to overcome previously impossible reproductive
problems through the use of artificial insemination, embryo transplantation, and surgical
procedures to repair anatomic deformities.
- As tradition and morals change,
or simply wither away, physicians are being presented with increasingly unusual cases. One
such case reported by a London psychotherapist attached to a fertility clinic is of a
young woman who wished to remain a virgin, but become impregnated. Since the use of a
speculum, which would be necessary for the procedure, would likely break the hymen,
rendering her anatomically no longer a virgin, the physicians were hesitant to do so
because of the possible implications for them. In other words, they could then be argued
to be responsible for her loss of virginity. She was referred for counseling, but
continued to insist on her right to be impregnated by technological means. She insisted
that the treatment procedures she was requesting were scientific and preferable to actual
- The psychotherapist commented
that she was unwilling to accept the representations from this young woman at face value.
The psychotherapist stated, and I quote, Are such women genuinely reluctant to enter
into a sexual relationship, yet truly want a child? Or does conception represent their
desire for sexual relations via technology? In some cases I doubt whether having a child
is the primary motivation. In other words, the psychotherapist believes that in some
instances trust and reliance on technology can move beyond infatuation and awe, to even
sexual intimacy. We are indeed living in a strange, new world.
Johnson, Sue, Virgin Birth
Syndrome", The Lancet, volume 337, No.8740, March 2, 1991, pp.559-560.
- Vegetarian B12 Sources
- A primary topic in discussions
concerning the nutritional value of vegetarian diets is the risk of vitamin B12
deficiency. Studies have shown that infants have suffered B12 deficiency on
macrobiotic diets, which are essentially devoid of any animal product.
Other groups and societies on predominately vegetation based
diets do not, on the other hand, suffer B12 deficiencies to any degree. In the
argument over whether humans are vegetarian or omnivorous, some argue B12
requirements prove our carnivorous heritage.
- Vitamin B12
deficiency results in a variety of hematological aberrations, including elevations in mean
corpuscular volume and mean corpuscular hemoglobin mass. Although the vitamin is produced
within the intestinal tract by microbes, it is believed to be, by and large unavailable,
since it is produced beyond the point where the intestines can absorb it. Vitamin B12
is absorbed in combination with the stomach intrinsic factor. Its deficiency can result in
the various blood dyscrasies, including pernicious anemia. Some studies have shown that
intelligence can be increased by doses of B12 greater than NRC requirements, it
is used clinically in neuropsychiatric disorders.
- For the vegetarian, then, there
is a dilemma such the primary source of vitamin B12 is believed to be animal
products. Some have suggested that it is possible to obtain this by eating sea vegetation,
such as algae. But a recent study of the Netherlands investigating the two forms of algae
high in vitamin B12, specifically nori and spirulina, have shown that the B12
in these substances was not effective in assisting with B12 deficiency.
- Other vegetarians argue that
the reason for B12 deficiency in vegetation diets is because the foods eaten
are processed and cooked, such as in the microbiotic diet, and that if fresh vegetation
were eaten, that B12 deficiency would not result. This may indeed be true,
particularly if vegetation is grown on composted, manured land such B12 would
be present in such substances. In other words, B12
deficiency may not be a direct result of being a vegetarian, but rather being too clean of
- As distasteful as this may
sound in a world that is more contaminated with stool, vitamin B12 deficiency
may not, in fact. exist. Some animals, in fact, consume their own stools, perhaps for the
very reason that the stool contains certain vitamins they require. An example would be the
- In lieu of coprology and meat
eating, the individuals who are attempting to be pure vegetarians and are diligently
washing all their produce, might indeed be well advised to consume vitamin B12
supplements. Based on the data I mentioned, at this point in time one should not rely on
algae as a reliable source.
Dagnelie, Pieter C.,et. a., Vitamin B-12 From
Algae Appears Not To Be Bioavailable." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition,
Volume 53, Number 3,March 1991, pp. 695-697.
- Cow Antibodies and Colic
- Colic, a somewhat nondescript
digestive disturbance, strikes a large number of infants. The result can be a frightened,
crying baby, impossible to console, in some cases spending hours crying without relief.
The pain to the child is one thing, the pain to the parents is another.
- Parents know only too well the
effects of a continuing and inconsolable, crying baby. It sets nerves on end, and in some
cases, can interfere with child-parent bonding ,and is believed to even initiate child
abuse in some cases. Crying, by design, is the signal by an infant unable to communicate
in any other way, that something is wrong and help is needed. Thus, both the mechanism of
crying and its impact upon the parents is such that it demands reaction, and attempts at
solutions. But often colicky babies cannot be stopped, and therein lies the difficulty
with this condition.
- Research reported in a recent
issue of Pediatrics suggests that some colicky babies, in fact, may be reacting to
immunoglobulin passed to the baby either through infant formulas based on cow's milk, or
passed through mother's milk from mothers who are drinking cow's milk.
- For parents with colicky
children feeding breast milk and desisting from dairy products might be a solution. No
mention in this work was made of the potential effect of processing, such as
homogenization, or pasteurization on the proteins within cow's milk, and how that may
effect such sensitivities. It would be an interesting study to determine whether the same
sensitivities would occur in children either fed cow's milk directly, or through the
mother, raw and unprocessed. We may have a situation here, similar to that with
cholesterol wherein it is likely not natural cholesterol, but rather the oxidized forms,
which result from processing, which may Insight vascular lesions, characteristic of
atherosclerosis. So, too, it may be the processed proteins, fats, and carbohydrates that
cause such problems and not their raw, whole counterparts.
Patrick S., M.D.,et. at., Human Breast Milk contains Bovine IgG. Relationship to
Infant colic?" Pediatrics, Volume 7, Number 4, April 1991, pp.439-444.
- Muscle and Protein
- Increased interest in
body-building has send many enthusiasts in search of protein to help stimulate muscle
growth. The reasoning is that since muscles contain high levels of protein, that increased
protein in the diet would be necessary to stimulate increased muscle growth. Muscle
magazines often contain articles describing the need for high levels of protein in the
form of egg, meat, tuna fish, and the like. This reasoning has also led to the belief that
individuals on a vegetation-based diet cannot create increased muscle size, in spite of
the fact that some of the most muscled creatures in the animal kingdom are strict
- This view, that increased
protein intake means increased muscle mass, is, by and large, fallacious. It is exercise,
not nutrients, that triggers muscle growth. Muscle contractions send controlling signals
to the genetic material within muscles to stimulate new growth if the magnitude of the
contractions are severe enough.
- Strength exercises stimulate
the building of muscle bulk, and also increase biochemicals required to break down glucose
more efficiently and anaerobically. On the other hand, endurance training builds proteins,
which utilize aerobic biochemical mechanisms.
- Although the contractile fibers
in muscle (actin and myosin) and others are made of protein, is increased intake of
dietary protein necessary for muscular growth? The standard recommendations for a
sedentary individual is to consume approximately .8 grams of protein per kilogram of body
weight, whereas strength-training athletes should consume between 1.2 and 1.6 grams per
kilogram of body weight. But the average adult in the United States consumes approximately
1.4 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight daily, and therefore this average protein
intake would meet the needs of strength-training athletes.
- Often overlooked by
body-building enthusiasts is the tremendous energy requirements necessary to fuel intense
exercises, and to maintain the muscle that is already there. If sufficient energy intake
does not occur, continued exercise will simply result in the breakdown of the muscle that
is there to yield energy. As increased food energy is consumed, protein will automatically
increase. For example, if a person goes from a 1200 kilocalorie diet to a 3000 kilocalorie
diet their protein will increase from .8 grams per kilogram to 1 .5grams of protein per
kilogram, which is believed to be ample protein for any one weighing up to 220 pounds.
- If large amounts of protein are
eaten, for example it has been shown that some body-builders consume as many as 81 eggs
per week, the body will simply use the protein for energy needs resulting in the
production of metabolic waste products from their catabolism. These can impair kidney
function, and may predispose to other health problems as well. Also, by emphasizing
protein foods, other essential nutrients are passed over, such as vitamin and mineral rich
grains and vegetables, essential fatty acids, and appropriate omega-3 to omega-6 fatty
acid balance. It's important to remember that muscles are not just protein but are cells
like others throughout the body requiring a spectrum of nutrients to be fully healthy.
- I've included a chart
demonstrating how the traditional, so called balanced meal will provide amble protein as
kilocalories are increased. (Chart in Nutrition Clinics, Vol.6, No.1, page 7)
- Any athlete engaged in regular
intensive training can fight a continuing battle in terms of consuming sufficient
calories. Individuals attempting body-building on a vegetation-based diet must consume
larger amounts of food because the caloric content of such foods is going to be less than
meat-based products, which often have large portions of fat, which contain over twice the
calories of either protein, or carbohydrates. So a vegetation-based diet must emphasize
not simply raw carrots and celery, but ample quantities of higher caloric content grains,
nuts, and fruits.
- Returning to the original
question as to whether diet creates growth, or stimulation creates growth. It is good to
remember that one of the most incredible growths that occurs does so strictly from
metabolic stimulation. That growth is the growth occurring in pregnancy, consider that a
human being in a short period of nine months may form from germ cells, practically unable
to be weighed, to nine or ten pounds of bond, muscle, nerves, brain...the entire structure
with usually no variation in eating patterns by the mother occurring other than some
increased consumption of the basic foods which have always been eaten. This demonstrates
that the body is exceptionally capable of adapting to stimulus and will increase its
efficiency of utilization of foods which are provided it to meet that stimulation. By
artificially increasing our consumption of proteins, they can actually work against these
mechanisms and potentially lead to unhealthiness, the opposite of that which should be the
goal of any exercise enthusiast.
- Table 2.
Examples of Food Patterns to Deliver Various
Energy and Protein Amounts
- Energy Provided (kcal)
- Protein (g)
- Type of Food
- Serving Size
- Number of Servings
- Low fat Milk
- 1 cup
- ½ cup
- ½ cup
- Starchy vegetable or grain
- ½ cup or 1 slice
- Meatc or meat alternative
- 2 ½ ounces
- 1 teaspoon
- aThe servings
presented here represent only a core plan (the Basic Four Food Group Plan) to provide
adequate protein and supply most of the vitamins and minerals people need daily. It is
useful as a foundation for adequacy around which to plan each day's meals. Most people
need more energy than the core plan provides, and much of this energy should be obtained
by adding nutrient-rich, complex carbohydrate foods, such as vegetables and fruits, and
breads and whole-grain cereals. This basic plan provides about 50% of its energy as
carbohydrate, 20% as protein, and 30% as fat.
- bThese plans provide
55 to 61% of total energy as carbohydrate, 17 to 22% as protein, and 21 to 25% as fat
- cThese are
approximate values for medium-fat meat, but planners should try to choose mostly low-fat
meats. One egg, or ½ to ¾ cup of dry beans or peas count as one ounce of meat, poultry,
- Source: DeBruyne LK, Sizer FS,
Whitney EN: The Fitness Triad: Motivation, Training, and Nutrition, St Paul, Minn., West
Publishing Company; 1991.
Nutritional Clinics, Volume 6, Number ,
January/ February 1991.
- Free Radicals
- Much like quantum mechanics and
electron spins, orbitals and shells hove provided fundamental explanations of chemical
reactions. So, too, may an understanding of the generation of free radicals in biological
systems explain the fundamental mechanisms of disease.
- Organisms which function in an
oxygen free atmosphere obtain their energy from fermentation. They are able to break down
chemical compounds, then capture and utilize the resulting energy without the use of
oxygen. Other organisms, including us. of course, utilize atmospheric oxygen which is
generated by plant photosynthesis to yield energy for metabolic needs. Energy derived from
the oxidation of foods occurs through a cascade of electrons in respiration which places
organisms who use oxygen at risk of being damaged by oxygen derived free radicals.
- Free radicals are defined as
molecules which have an unpaired electron in their outer orbital. Electrons in chemicals
which are paired are happy, those which are unpaired are very unhappy and make the parent
chemical very reactive as it seeks to satisfy the pairing of that unpaired electron.
- When a single electron is added
to 02,the result is super-oxide radical. If another electron is added and two
hydrogen ions, hydrogen peroxide is formed. If hydrogen peroxide is combined with
superoxide radical hydroxyl radical. OH ,the most active of all free radicals in
biological systems is formed. Biological systems have protective machinery in place to
attempt to prevent the formation of this dangerous hydroxyl free radical. Another reactive
form of oxygen is singlet oxygen. Although technically not a free radical, it behaves as
- Free radicals were verified as
being present and being important in biological systems with the discovery of the enzyme
superoxide dismutase (SOD). The presence of this enzyme and other free radical scavengers,
which have since been discovered, demonstrates the importance of neutralizing these
reactive free radical chemical species.
- It is now believed that free
radical activity has been specifically identified in the pathogenesis of such diseases as
atherosclerosis, cancer, cataracts, ischemic injury, Parkinson's disease. rheumatoid
arthritis, and the aging process itself.
- It is interesting also that
free radicals are also used by the body in an immune protective role. When neutrophils
engulf bacteria they destroy the bacterium by a burst of free radicals. It 'has also been
suggested that free radical damage may mark neoplastic cells for removal by the immune
- The sources of free radicals
within cells are both endogenous and exogenous. The mitochondrial electron transport chain
and the microsomal electron transport chain, oxidated enzymes, phagocytic cells and
auto-oxidation reactions all generate free radicals. Exogenously, various chemicals and
drugs, cigarette smoke, ionizing radiation, sunlight, and heat can all generate free
radicals as well.
- Electron transfer to generate
ATPs done within the safety of mitochondrial membranes. As we have discussed before
in the Review, these membranes reflect dietary patterns and can be either healthy
and composed of the appropriate lipids and proteins to prevent free radicals from reaching
other vital cytoplasmic structures, or diseased, which may permit the movement of free
radicals out of mitochondria into the cytoplasm. Another source of free radicals is from
oxidant enzymes, such as cyclo-oxygenases, which as we have mentioned in prior Reviews,
is necessary for the synthesis of prostoglandins from arachidonic acid.
- Reperfusion of ischemic tissue
is another source of free radicals. For example, after balloon angioplasty, when cardiac
tissue is reperfused, there can be significant free radical damage.
- The lipid by-layers,
surrounding organelles as well as the cell itself, are susceptible to free radical
peroxidative insult. As you may recall, the lipid membrane is comprised of phospholipids,
and many unsaturated fatty acids. Once these are oxidized a chain reaction can occur,
resulting in widespread membrane damage, loss of membrane fluidity, receptor site
malalignment, and even eventually lead to the lysis of organelles, and even the cell
itself. (Add membrane oxidative damage diagram in lipids book.) This damage is diagramed
on the back of the Summary.
- It should also be noted that
genetic material can be damaged by free radicals. The sugars can be damaged, resulting in
altered base sequence. There are genetic repair mechanisms in place to help correct such
damage, but with sufficient insult, genetic damage can be irreversible.
- The cell is dependent upon
genetic mechanisms that have developed over time to protect against free radical damage
and repair that which occurs. The cell is also dependent upon the input of certain
nutrients in order to maintain such protective mechanisms.
- Super oxide dismutase is a
manganese based product found within mitochondria designed to neutralize the superoxide
radical. There is also a super oxide dismutase found in the cytoplasm, which is based on
copper and zinc, and it neutralizes superoxide radicals there.
- Superoxide dismutase (SOD)
converts the superoxide radical to hydrogen peroxide, which is further reduced by the
enzyme glutathione peroxidase. Additionally, catalase can convert hydrogen peroxide to
water and oxygen.
- Ascorbic acid, vitamin C, is
the most important aqueous based scavenger of free radicals. It is the first line of
defense against peroxidation damage to lipids in membranes.
- In the lipid phase of the cell
the most important antioxidant appears to be alpha-tocopherol, or vitamin E. Vitamin E is
structured similarly to the ring structures found in synthetics antioxidants or, I should
say the synthetic ring structures have copied vitamin E. Characteristic of these
antioxidants is an eterael oxygen, which is able to neutralize the free radical. It might
also be mentioned here that vitamin C regenerates vitamin E after it has reacted with a
free radical. So there is complimentary action between vitamin C and vitamin E.
- Beta-caroteneis the most
powerful quencher of singlet oxygen. It is likely most active at the organelle level where
oxygen tension slower.
- It is interesting that the very
substances that we depend upon for life and health are also potential toxins. Oxygen is
certainly an excellent example of this. Our biochemistry lives within a delicate balance
with, in most instances, extreme capabilities to withstand stresses and insult. But if
those capabilities are stretched beyond the biochemical reserve of the organism,
widespread damage can occur, and disease result.
- The bottom line is to try to
protect and foster the natural balances the body needs in order to protect and repair
itself. A more natural environment and foods rich in natural nutrients will go a long way
in helping us to do that.
- The evidence in behalf of
supplemental antioxidants, particularly vitamins C and E, as we have mentioned before, is
quite convincing both as a preventive, and as a therapeutic tool, and will likely only be
shown to be more and more useful as our environment further degrades to become ever more
free radical generating.
- Synorgon Defined
- I've mentioned this word before
in the Review and I wish to here more formally define it. In an attempt to describe
our place in the universe and its relationship to how I've found the existing terminology
insufficient or presently inappropriate. Wholeism, vitalism, naturalism, Gaiaism, and
other like terms touch aspects of the concept but seem either too narrow or have become
distorted over time by popular misinterpretation or prejudice. For example, if we use the
word "natural" that can conjure up images of natural fruit juice with only 5%
fruit juice in it. That kind of conjures up ideas of fraud and fadism, and that sort of
thing. Vitalism is viewed like refuse, cast aside by the scientific mechanistic era.
Wholeism might smack of snake venom, or crystal therapy, or other supposedly quackish
- In other words, as we talk
about the different themes that we do in the Review and I try to weave those around
some sort of central concept trying to describe exactly what that concept is, or define
it, has become difficult for me. Words that exist have failed me so I've made up a new one
and synorgon is that new word. It's new, and it's fresh, and it relieves me of having to
defend a particular definition of someone else's word, or attempting to redefine it, and
permits me to make the word what I want it to be without argument. Health and
environmental problems need a fresh and more fundamental approach, and what better way to
begin than with a new word. So here's the word. It's called synorgon. It comes from two
roots: synergy, which means inter-relatedness and cooperation, and organism, which
means life and complexity. So syn-org-on.
- These are different
definitions, or how we can look at that.
the larger, inter-connected thing of which everything is a part.
universe resulting from the inter-relatedness of all cosmic things known, unknown,
understood, incomprehended, and incomprehensible.
all of existence as a dynamic, interconnected, cooperative, synergetic, balanced, living
organism, of which we ore simply a part.
entire physical and biological greater context is the synorgon, as if it were essential to
our existence, and health.
all of existence, the parts of which are seen as a continuum with all other parts, the
qualities of which are emergent and unpredicted by the reductionistic analysis of the
of existence as it functions without artificial manipulation. Unmanipulated it is healthy,
manipulated, since its balances and interconnections are disrupted, it is diseased. That
is to say both biological and physical systems can be healthy or diseased.
- Different forms of the word
would be: synorgonic, synorgonistic, synorgonis (of the nature of synorgon), synorgonomy
(the study of synorgon), synorganism (a noun; a deduction or principle derived from
synorgonamy), microsynorgon (a smaller entity reflecting in a limited sense synorgonic
principles), and macrosynorgon(a larger composite of microsynorgons, where a synorgon
would be the whole of existence as this gigantic interconnected healthy thing, or at least
hopefully healthy. Any that's our job, to try to make it continue to be healthy. So that's
synorgon defined, and we'll try to use that repeatedly in the Review to describe
this concept that we are trying to weave throughout all of the different themes and
subjects we touch upon.
- Understanding interrelatedness
in nature creates respect for the natural order. it makes us realize we are simply a part
of a synorgonic whole. It creates caution and fear of consequences if these balances are
disrupted. Such synorgonic insight makes us think long term, makes us seek to preserve
nature, the environment as it stands, and to protect a natural context for the body. It
makes us rely on natural innate healing mechanisms and use invasive procedures with great
- Here are some things taken from
my book on the Creation -Evolution Controversy which speak to the incredible
interrelatedness of things and will help us seethe solitary importance of synorgonic
- One of the dangers of some
popular notions of evolution is that it encourages thinking of parts. It can be quite
mechanistic and although it's flow through time is the reverse of reductionism it
encourages reductionistic thought.
- In other words, if things exist
due to the simple addition of parts over time, then examining parts pay explain the whole.
If the heart is just the assemblage of parts, then what's to work if we need to replace
one here and there. The mechanistic view encourages invasive actions, environmentally, and
- The problem is current
mechanistic notions of origins are insufficient to explain the complexity and
interrelatedness in our world. This is not to say some dominionistic views in religions
don't encourage similar man as the center of universe to "go forth and subdue
attitudes which can cause health and environmental harm. Following are more complexities
to ponder. The following are taken from reference Creation -Evolution, pp.333-342)
- Mites of the genus
Antennophorus attach themselves to ants, steal food from the ant's mouth, reach out and
steal food from passing ants, and stroke the and to make it regurgitate.
- A spider lives within the
pitcher plant of Malaya and eats the food caught by the plant. At the bottom of the
pitcher is a pod of digestive enzymes which dissolve insects caught by the plant. The
spider residing therein is able to immerse itself in this digestive soup when endangered,
with no harm to itself. Wouldn't the ancestors to these spiders themselves have been
digested by the enzymes in the pitcher plant until such time that the special protective
organs would have been fully developed? If so, we must reason, the ancestors of these
Malaya spiders did not survive, and so neither do the spiders today. But they do!
- Many parasites have the ability
to prevent the coagulation of blood obtained from their host, some have no means of
locomotion and have only insignificant nervous and digestive systems. Life in the absence
of their specific host is impossible for them.
- The rabbit is essentially the
only species able to ingest the death cup toadstool containing the poisonous substance
phallin with no apparent harm to itself.
- Insects would quickly over run
the world if birds did not keep them in check. How, then, could insects have existed
millions of years, evolutionarily speaking, prior to the birds?
- Some parasites require two or
more hosts. For example, the dog heart worm, Dirofilaria immitis, resides in the
heart chambers and great vessels of the dog and there produces larval forms that are shed
into the dog's blood stream. These larvae are unable to mature unless they enter a
mosquito. When a mosquito feeds on the dog it sucks the larvae of the heart worm in with
its blood meal. Within the mosquito the larvae mature. When the mosquito bites another
dog, the matured forms enter the host along with the infected secretions from the mouth
parts of the mosquito. The injected larvae then migrate through the tissues of the dog
into the blood stream, travel to the heart and there grow to twelve or fourteen inches in
length eventually killing their canine host. Here, as in numerous parasitic relationships;
the host and means of sustenance of the parasite is killed: and the parasite depends upon
the simultaneous existence of intermediate and find hosts that are widely separated in the
evolutionary time-scalehere, the mosquito coming millions of years
before the dog, and the parasite originating millions of years before either. (Figure 101
- Heartworm Cycle)
- Some parasites exude a
paralyzing substance that is offered to ants. The ants love it, eat it, are paralyzed, and
subsequently consumed by the parasite.
- Certain wasps hunt caterpillars
to serve as food for larval wasps. The wasp hunts in hot weather and if it killed the
caterpillars they would soon putrefy when brought back to the wasp nest, thus endangering
the wasp young. The wasp has the ability to sting the caterpillar so that it is paralyzed.
yet still alive. In some cases the wasp demonstrates a tremendous understanding of
caterpillar anatomy by stinging several specific ganglia in the various segments of the
caterpillar, yet not killing it. The caterpillar is still able to eat, but unable to
escape the larvae in the nest of the wasp which eat the caterpillar avoiding vital organs
so that the caterpillar remains alive as long as possible, in some cases as long as nine
months. (Figure 102 - Wasp Parasitism)
- In some cases the wasp is
limited in its knowledge of anatomy and only able to paralyze certain species of insects.
When wasps attack the preying mantis, they know to paralyze the treacherous
mantis arms first.
- The Microstoma, a fluke-like
worm, has stinging cells similar to those found on hydroids. The Microstoma does not
produce these stinging cells itself, but rather gets them from eating polyps. The stinging
cells of the polyp discharge easily when touched, but the Microstoma is able to eat the
polyp without bursting the stinging organs. The digestive tract of the Microstoma is
structured so that the stinging cells are swept via channels to the surface of the
Microstoma where they serve as a protective device. The Microstoma evidently does not eat
the polyps for food, as it only consumes enough to furnish itself with enough stinging
cells, then, even if hungry, it will no longer eat polyps.
- Termites depend upon the
infusoria within their digestive tract to enable them to digest cellulose. Man depends
upon certain lowly bacteria within his digestive tract for the manufacturing of vitamin K,
so necessary in blood clotting. Herbivorous animals, like the cow and horse have specially
constructed digestive tracts to allow the digestion of food stuffs by microorganisms. How
could termites, man and ruminants have survived without the co-existence of the lowly
- The clownfish lives within the
tentacles of the sea anemone. The anemone's tentacles paralyze other fish and thus the
clownfish receives protection. The clownfish, in turn, feeds both itself and the sea
anemone. The question becomes, as with the spider in the Malayan pitcher plant, how did
the clownfish's ancestors survive the attempts to reside amongst the tentacles of the
deadly sea anemone?
- Lichen are a combination of
algae and fungus. Both are absolutely dependent upon each other for survival but widely
separated in evolutionary time.
- Pollen masses picked up by
insects from certain flowers will sometimes change position on the insect's body so as to
be in the appropriate position for fertilization of the next flower on which the insect
- The yucca plant in the
southwestern United States is dependent upon the pronuba moth for reproduction. At the
appropriate time the pronuba moth emerges from its cocoon, flies to yucca flowers, and
gathers pollen in specially constructed mouth parts. The moth then
pierces the ovary of a yucca flower with its ovipositer and deposits its moth eggs
therein. The moth then climbs to the opening of the female part of the flower and ejects
the pollen carried in its mouth. The moth thus fertilizes the flower and uses the flower
as a nest for her eggs. The eggs of the moth hatch and the larvae feed on the yucca seeds,
but leave just enough so that the plant can reproduce itself. The yucca plant is unable to
reproduce in any other way because of the structure of its reproductive organs, and the
moth only reproduces in the presence of the yucca flower.
- The Pseudomyrma ant lives in
acacia trees and feeds on special fruits on the leaves of the plant. These fruits are not
reproductive bodies and apparently serve no other function for the plant than to attract
the Pseudomyrma, which in turn benefits the plant by running off predators that would
defoliate the tree in a matter of days.
- How could spiders develop the
web spinning organs and the instinct to build webs. The spinneret organs of the spider
have hundreds of apertures through which silk and glue are extruded. The spider also needs
special oil secreting glands on its feet so it does not get stuck in its own web. Spiders
are known to spin webs as large as nineteen feet in circumference and the silk can be as
thin as a single molecule and surpassed in tensile strength only by fused quartz.
- Some spiders lasso their prey
by swinging a ball of glue attached to a strand of silk around in the air, sometimes for
fifteen minutes, throwing it at passing insects. Other spiders build a postage stamp size
net and catch their prey by throwing the net over their victims. The Dolometes
fimbriatus spider sews leaves together with silk, making a raft. He then rides the
raft in the water in search of insects.
- The Evolution Protest Movement
of Britain, confident that the web spinning organs of the spider cannot be explained
through gradual transitions, has offered a $500 reward to anyone that can explain the
evolution of the spider through gradual stages. (CREATION OR EVOLUTION
(Great Britain: Evolution Protest Movement), Pamphlet Number 89.)
- The carnivorous plants, like
the Venus fly trap and the pitcher plant, show intricate design. These plants have the
ability to not only attract but also capture and digest animal victims, concerning the
piecemeal evolution of the carnivorous plants, F. E. Lloyd in the introduction to The Carnivorous
P' ants, conceded that the evolution of the specialized organs of capture defy
explanation. (Figure 103 - Venus Fly Trap)
- How did human mothers develop
mammary glands in a convenient location to nurse their young (on the chest as opposed to
the back of the legs or neck), simultaneously evolving the alveolar and duct system of the
glands, the appropriate hormonal control to stimulate milk production post-partum and milk
ejection upon sucking stimulus. Furthermore, how did babies simultaneously develop the
sucking instinct and lips that enable suction?
- How did humans develop the
involuntary ability to chew food. avoiding the tongue? Can you imagine having to think
your tongue into the correct places in your mouth to manipulate food and avoid biting it
prior to this involuntary ability? Surely, if this ability was developed gradually,
macerated tongues would have been a definite problem while the transitional stages were
evolving between voluntary tongue manipulations and involuntary control.
- The enzymes and acids in the
human stomach are sufficiently strong to digest an animal stomach when ingested. How did
the stomach develop slowly the ability to digest stomachs, which not digesting itself?
Furthermore, how did the digestive tract develop the ability to neutralize gastric acids
entering the small intestine from the stomach, so the small intestine, which is not
protected from these stomach juices, would not be digested?
- The human body has the ability
to control the acidity of blood with great precision. Through the blood's buffer systems,
respiration and kidney excretion, pH (hydrogen ion concentration-acidity) is maintained
between 7.35 and 7.45. The highest level of hydrogen ions is only 1/100,000,000 of a gram
more than the lowest level!
- Fish are said to have evolved
into land creatures, yet the fish eye is absolutely useless outside of the medium of
- How could the sexes develop
coincidingly complementary sexual organs and instincts?
- The human eye has the ability
to see light coming through an aperture of only 3 microns (3/25,000 inch) and discern
10,000,000 different shades of colors (a designed machine can only discern about 40% as
many colors). The intricacy of the human eye defies evolutionary description, by using
one's evolutionary imagination or by attempting to find evidence for transitional stages
in the fossil record.
- The human brain weights about
three pounds, contains ten billion neurons with approximately 25,000 synapses
(connections) per neuron. Each neuron is made up of 10,000,000,000 macro-molecules.
The human mind can store almost limitless amounts of information, (a potential millions of
times greater than the 1015 bits of information gathered in a lifetime--I. Asimov),
compare facts, weight information against memory, judgement and conscience and formulate a
decision in a fraction of a second. The nervous system has numerous life saving reflexes,
automatic controls of vital functions such as blood pressure and heart beat, connections
with the endocrine system, and tremendous sensory abilities such as the ability of sensory
nerve endings in the finger to detect a vibration of 0.02 microns (.08/100,000 inch).
Creationists feel that to assert the gradual spontaneous development of the nervous system
(setting aside the awful evolutionary enigma of a brain in excess of that which will ever
be used) is to betray an ignorance of the tremendous complexity of that system.
- The human heart beats
faithfully about 100,000 times daily. Without our having to think about it the heart
ejects the vital liquid of life at the rate of 10 tons per day and 80,000,000 gallons in a
life time. The blood flows into a capillary network so extensive that the combined
capillaries of four persons if placed end to end could reach all the way to the moon. My
part of our body not supplied with blood of the right composition and under the correct
pressure is doomed. How could the cardiovascular system be less than perfect and produce
fit human precursors? How could the complexities of that system arise spontaneously?
- The bat, Nictophilus
geoffroyi can "see" fruit flies 100 feet away by echo location and catch as
many as five in one second. The bat is able to hear frequencies of
sound of 150,000 cycles/second, whereas man can only hear 15,000 cycles/second. The bat
emits sounds of 70,000 cycles/second at a rate of 10 impulses/second at rest, and up to
100 impulses/second when in flight and approaching prey. He also has special muscles in
his ears that close the ear to the bats own emitted sounds but opens them to receive the
echo. How could such abilities and anatomical features develop piecemeal?
- Whales have the ability to
detect objects miles away through sonar, and determine if they are neutral, friend or foe.
- It is presumed that the
reptilian jaw hinge bones gave rise to the bones of the middle ear of mammals. A question:
How did reptiles eat while the of wound when attacked. The singhalese grasshopper will
expose ominous eyespots to an attacking mynah bird. Mimals such as the ptarmigan, arctic
fox, chameleons, iguanas, flounders and reef fish change color to fit the environment
background. The leaf butterfly, Kallima, is boldly colored until it lights on a leaf at
which time it blends with the leaf background apparently disappearing. Flata plant bugs
will cluster together on stems to look just like flowers: the green bugs will look like
buds and the pink bugs will arrange themselves to look like the flower. There is a spider
in Java that lies on its back on leaves to look just like bird droppings. The green
hairstick butterfly lands and situates its wings in the sun so as to cast a minimal
shadow. The hawkmouth looks like bark only if it settles on trees
head up, whereas the geometrid tissue moth resembles bark only if it arranges itself
horizontally. Ants have six legs, and spiders have eight legs: so when a spider mimics an
ant it uses its front two legs to appear as antennae. The clearwing moth resembles wasps
and will even fly during the day like wasps whereas moths are normally night fliers. Many
insects will pretend to sting when attacked, and certain snakes as well as the wrynect
bird will oscillate and hiss to mimic dreaded snakes. The Amazon leaf fish floats
downstream like a leaf toward its prey. The pod of the plants species; Scorpiurus,
resembles a centipede. When birds pick it up and fly away with it the body distributes its
seeds. Near eastern lizards will but a stick sideways in their mouth to prevent being
swallowed by snakes.
- Nature is filled with such
incredibilities from nest building to migration, the geometry of a spider's web, or comb
of a honey bee in fact every organism, every aspect of nature the universe shows like
- Such incredible and delicate
balance and interconnections between organisms within organism's physiology and anatomy
and linking life with the physical world speak to the existence of synorgon of a gigantic
intricately complex life-like organisms of which we are simply a part.
- Part, or separate, or entity
are words which should be stricken since they do not reflect reality. All is an enmeshed
continuum from magnetic fields, to light, to subatomic particles to atoms, molecules, and
biochemicals, then to organelles, cells, tissues, organs, and being. to plants, ground.
earth ,water, sky, planets, and sun to galaxies, stars, systems, and black holes to
energy, light, and magnetic fields. and then back through from the beginning again.
- Like the strokes and color hues
of a painting blend to create beauty, so, too, does our total context blend to create
health a single pigment from the painting, or a strand of fabric from the canvas does not
equal beauty or even suggest it.
- Similarly, our health, our
beauty, so to speak, is a composite of our context. Health is not a result of a vaccine, a
PAP smear, a vitamin, a diet pill, or attempting to avoid certain described diseases. - It
is achieving homeostasis within our broad context: the food we eat, the friends we keep,
exercise, fragrances. work attitude, family, entertainment, air, water, light, magnetic
fields,-everything... including all the stuff we don't know anything about-which is a lot,
probably the majority.
- Given all these variables which
influence our health, how can we restrict health care to the treatment of symptoms. Health
care must therefore be eclectic with value derived from all disciplines including
allopathy, homeopathy, naturopathy, chiropracty, aromotherapy, reflexology, herbology,
nutrition, economics, physics, kinesiology, humanities, psychology, every study that helps
describe our world, our proper context, can shed light on how we can achieve health.
- Understanding this, the second
century physician Golen said a doctor must first be a philosopher. And I hope you can see
this generalist approach to health we take in the Reviews is designed to provide a
philosophic basis, a world-view, from which we can seek proper context and thus health,
without being unduly distracted by any single preventive or remedial action.
- The heuristic value of this all
is one synorgonic concept is as a beginning point. A highly useful algorithm to solve
virtually all important health problems. Ignore our place, and myopically simply exploit
and ignore the rightful place of other things in synorgon and wreak havoc on our world and
health, or live within and support our synorgonic context and build the foundation of
paradise. We, the human world community, uniquely have that choice.