THE WYSONG e-HEALTH LETTER
~Thoughts for Thinking People~
- THE "MEETING AVERAGE REQUIREMENTS
PREVENTS DISEASE" MYTH
- (Dr. W.) An important
advance in nutrition is the discovery that there is a difference between overt
nutrient deficiencies (causing conditions such as rickets, anemia, blindness,
etc.) and nutrition necessary to optimize health and prevent a host of more
indirect, subtle and chronic diseases. (Petfood Industry,
- Pet foods that are designed
to achieve "average" levels of nutrition for prevention of classical nutrient
deficiencies (so-called "100% complete" foods) fall short of this newer
knowledge. They are most certainly not "100% complete." Being just
barely good enough is not really "100% complete." Being just barely good
enough nutritionally is like barely good enough parachutes or fire
extinguishers. The risk is too great.
- The confusion, even
blindness, of researchers and regulatory agencies (however well intentioned)
is apparent in the following incredible contradiction by authors with D.V.M.,
Ph.D. and specialty board certification in veterinary internal medicine and
nutrition: "These protocols (the authors are discussing AAFCO
[Association of American Feed Control Officials] feeding trial studies) were
designed to assure that pet foods would not be harmful to the animal and would
support the proposed life-stage. These protocols were not designed to
examine nutritional relationships to long-term health or disease prevention."
(Veterinary Forum, October 1992:34.)
- In other words, a food
could cause disease and destroy long-term health yet at the same time "not be
harmful," "support life" and be classified as "100% complete"! So after
a pet has been fed the "proven" food for a period of time equal to the
duration of an AAFCO study (26 weeks), all bets are off. The "100%
complete and balanced" food may then be starving or poisoning the animal with
the blessings of the academic, professional, scientific, governmental and
industrial pet food establishment.
- When researchers set
nutrient requirements they use statistics. A bell curve is created which
is a statistical distribution to determine what the requirement would be for
the average majority. If an animal falls in the middle of the bell curve
for every nutrient (each nutrient has its own bell curve) all may be well.
But each edge of the bell curve also represents a number of animals for which
the "average" dose is either too little (creating a deficiency) or too much
(creating possible toxicity). There is a good chance that any specific
animal (as opposed to a statistical average) will be on the edges of the curve
for at least one of the nutrients.
- *Further Reading:
- The Wysong Optimal
- MY CAT WON'T USE THE LITTER BOX!
- (Brad Francke, D.V.M.) House soiling is the
most common behavior problem reported by cat owners. Determining its cause can
be a diagnostic challenge for your veterinarian. Differentiating a behavioral
problem from a medical problem is often the first step.
- Cats with medical problems
do not always act "sick," but rather can change behavior such as inappropriate
urination. The longer this behavior persists the more likely it is to become a
habit, so prompt veterinary diagnosis and intervention is important.
- Inflammation of the urinary
tract may cause painful, frequent and bloody urination. The blood may not be
evident with the naked eye and often requires microscopic examination of the
urine for diagnosis. The cat will sometimes learn to associate urinary pain (dysuria)
with the litter box and seek other areas for urination. Diabetes, as well as
kidney, liver or thyroid diseases can be associated with an increase in thirst
and urine production leading to selection of additional sites for urination,
especially if the litter is not cleaned frequently. Age related diseases such
as arthritis, which interfere with your cat's mobility, could also lead to
difficulty in using the litter box.
- Once medical problems have
been eliminated as a cause of the inappropriate urination, behavioral causes
must be evaluated. Often an extensive history and assessment of the household
is necessary. In general, urination on vertical surfaces (spraying) is often a
result of anxiety, conflict or territorial marking. Elimination on horizontal
surfaces generally occurs in cats that have an aversion to the litter, litter
box location, or just prefer urinating in other areas. Some important things
to consider are:
- > Is there one type of
surface upon which your cat urinates?
- > Is there a certain
location he/she prefers?
- > Are there other pets in
the household that disturb the cat when using the litter box?
- > Have there been recent
changes inside or outside the house that have upset your cat?
- > Has there been a recent
change in the litter type, location of the litter box or design of the litter
box? (Keep in mind that larger cats may need larger litter boxes and older
cats and kittens may need litter boxes with lower sides.)
- Inappropriate urination
can be a vexing problem that threatens the human-animal bond. A full resolution
involves early intervention followed by investigation to determine the
underlying problem. Teamwork with your veterinarian involving close
observation, a complete history, examination and appropriate testing are all
crucial to keeping cats and the people who love them living in harmony.
- Best of health to you and yours from all of us here at
- The Wysong
e-Health Letter is an educational newsletter. Opinions expressed are
meant to be taken for their argumentative/intellectual interest value,
and not interpreted as specific medical or legal direction for individual
conditions or situations. The e-Health Letter does not represent all-inclusive
knowledge, nor can it affirm or deny facts or data gathered from cited
references. Before initiating any health action or changing existing
therapies, individuals should read the references cited in the e-Health
Letter or request them from Wysong Corporation (eHealthLetter@wysong.net),
and seek and evaluate several alternative, competent viewpoints. The
reader (not the Wysong e-Health Letter) must assume all responsibilities
from the application of educational and often controversial information
presented in the e-Health Letter.
- © Copyright 2003,
Wysong Corporation. This newsletter is for educational
purposes. Material may be copied and transmitted provided the source
(Dr. Wysong's e-Health Letter,
http://www.wysong.net) is clearly credited, context is clearly described,
its use is not for profit in any way, and mention is made of the availability
of the free Wysong e-Health Letter. For any other use, written
permission is required.